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Dante Gabriel Rossetti

Pre-Raphaelite painter, designer and poet (1828 - 1882)

Rossetti was baptized Gabriel Charles Dante, but changed his name to Dante Gabriel Rossetti in 1849. He was a Pre-Raphaelite painter, designer and poet. A founder member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Founding partner of Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Co. Married to Elizabeth Sidal (1829-1862) in 1860, who was also his model.

Rossetti was a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (founded in 1848 by Rossetti, Millais and Holman Hunt). Rossetti was the son of an exiled Italian patriot and was an authority on the Medieval poet Dante. Rossetti entered the Royal Academy of Arts at a very young age, in 1845, but soon became disappointed with traditional teaching of the Academy and sought a non-conventional way of expressing his talent and creative ideas. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood artists opposed the over stylisation and attention to technical perfection of Victorian art and instead proposed a spiritual and moral purpose for art.

Rossetti's works were widely criticised at the Free Society of Artists' exhibition in 1850. These attacks are believed to have led him to retreat from the public domain thereafter. Rossetti met William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones in 1856 when they collaborated on the Arthurian legends decorations of the Oxford Union. After the establishment of Morris's firm, 'Fine Art Workmen' in 1861, Rossetti provided designs for stained glass and furniture decoration. Among Rossetti's enthusiastic patrons were George Rae, the Birkenhead stockbroker, and the famous ship-owner Frederick Leyland.
  • Gender
    Male
  • Relationship
    Artist/maker, Previous owner
  • Nationality
    British: English
  • Born
    12 May 1828
  • Place of birth
    Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: London
  • Died
    09 April 1882
  • Place of death
    Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: Kent: Birchington
  • Cause of death
    Unknown or unrecorded
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