Jessups I artefacts

Copper alloy buttons and pewter utensil handle fragment recovered from the Jessups I village

A total of 1762 artefacts were recovered from the 203 shovel-test-pits at Jessups I. Forty-seven percent are pottery (n=829), 15% are glass bottles and tablewares (n=269), and 2.5% are tobacco pipes (n=44). Thirteen percent (n=230) of the assemblage was comprised of architectural artefacts: hand-made bricks, mortar, and hand wrought iron nails. A gunflint and eleven flint flakes, a copper alloy button and a pewter utensil fragment whose exact form was unidentifiable, were also excavated from pits at Jessups I. Four animal bones belonging to medium- and small-sized mammals, as well as domestic pig, were found. The remainder of the assemblage included unidentifiable metal, stone, and modern materials.

Afro-Caribbean pottery that was either made on the island or on surrounding islands comprised 79% (n=654) of the pottery assemblage from Jessups I. Twelve sherds were identified as bowls and one sherd was identified as a fragment of a griddle that may have been used for cooking cassava. The remaining Afro-Caribbean sherds were unidentifiable utilitarian forms.

Fragments of an Afro-Caribbean ceramic griddle excavated from Jessups I village

Seventy-one sherds (8.5%) of the pottery assemblage were comprised of imported utilitarian pottery wares and vessel forms that would have been used for food storage and transport. Much of the remaining pottery assemblage included expensive, fashionable pottery that was made in Europe and China such as delft and tin-enamelled wares (4%, n=34), white salt glaze stoneware (2.5%, n=22), Chinese porcelain (2%, n=18), and creamware (1%, n=9). Both tea and tableware vessel forms used for dining and drinking tea and coffee were present.

Creamware and delft pottery fragments excavated from Jessups I. Creamware was manufactured between 1762 and 1820 and delft was produced between 1600 and 1802