Liverpool Blitz: Growing your own food in wartime
In 1939 around half of all Britain's food was imported by sea. With German attacks on British ships it became important for people to grow their own food where they could. The government began a campaign using the 'Dig For Victory' slogan.
Vegetables were encouraged rather than fruit as they generally grow quicker. Potatoes were especially popular, mainly because they are so versatile and go with almost anything. People living in the country were encouraged to make use of wild fruit, plants and animals - young nettles could be made into sauce or cooked like spinach. Some people even tried to grow their own tobacco.
You have to remember that shops in the 1940s aren't like supermarkets today. You didn't have things like strawberries all year - you only had them when they were in season. People didn't have freezers then either, so it was important that people knew how to pickle and preserve all of their excess produce. You could exchange your jam ration for extra sugar with which to make more jam.
Government leaflets were handed out advising on many topics including:
The Ministry of Food ran cookery demonstrations and radio programmes showing people how to use all their homegrown produce.