First you need to remember some facts about the Earth. The Earth is almost a perfect globe or sphere (the force of its spinning causes it to bulge out around the Equator). It is travelling through space as part of the solar system.
When we are talking about the Earth we divide it into 2 halves. These are called hemispheres. There is the
Northern Hemisphere (where we find Britain) and the Southern Hemisphere (where we find Australia and South