French Impressionists timeline

1850s Photography becomes popular in France.

1859 Pissarro submits a landscape of Montmorency to the Salon, the official art exhibition sponsored by the French government, and it is accepted

1860 Japanese woodblock prints make their way to France and are shown to Impressionist artists by a porcelain dealer; Felix Bracquemond.

1863 The Salon rejects around 4,000 works, including one by Manet, causing an artistic revolt. The government stages a separate exhibition of the rejected works.

1867 Plans for an independent exhibition are discussed, but do not go ahead because of a lack of funding.

1870 The Franco-Prussian war begins on 19 July and ends with a Prussian and German victory on 10 May 1871. Monet moves to London. Renoir and Bazille are conscripted; Bazille is killed in action.

1872 French art critic, Philippe Burty, coins the term 'Japonism' to describe the new influence of Japanese art on French artists

1874 The first exhibition of the 'Société Anonyme Coopérative des Artistes Peintres, Sculpteurs, Graveurs' (Association of Painters, Sculptors, and Engravers) is organised by Monet, Renoir, Pissarro and Sisley.

Art critic Louis Leroy coins the term 'Impressionism' after seeing Claude Monet's work called 'Impression, Sunrise'.

1878 Degas says that no 'Impressionist' artists should submit work to the Salon.

1880 Another Impressionist exhibition takes place, but Monet, Renoir, Sisley and Cezanne do not take part. Instead Monet and Renoir submit work to the Salon and are accepted.

1881 Changes in the Salon mean that every exhibiting artist has a vote on the jury. It is supervised by an artists association rather than government.

1882 The Impressionist group is reunited for a seventh exhibition.  Works by Monet, Renoir, Sisley, Pissarro and Morisot are exhibition.

1883 The first major exhibition of Impressionist work is held in America.

1886 The last Impressionist exhibition is held. Pissarro exhibits his first 'pointilliste' works and insists on including Seurat and Signac. Monet, Renoir and Sisley again refuse to participate.