About this object

The Bessemer process was developed by the English inventor Sir Henry Bessemer (1813-98) and patented in 1855. It was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass production of steel. In this view of the mill, which Pennell has named after Bessemer, furnaces and chimneys obscure the hills of Pittsburgh. Steamers pass beneath the steel bridges beside railway tracks and trolley lines.

Object specifics

  • Artist(s)
    Joseph Pennell (American, born:1857-07-04, died:1926-04-23)
  • Date
    1908
  • Materials
    Paper; Etching; Scratching out; Ink
  • Measurements
    plate mark: 28.2 cm x 17.8 cm
  • Physical description
    Furnaces occupy the middle distance with the hills of Pittsburgh visible behind. Two steel bridges cross the river which flows from the lower left to the upper right of the composition. Railway tracks and trolley lines are faintly shown in the foreground and a steamer approaches from under first bridge.
  • Related people
    Joseph Pennell (Artist/maker)
  • Other number(s)
    WAG Inventory Number: 1300
  • Credit line
    Purchased by the Walker Art Gallery from the Liverpool Autumn Exhibition in 1909
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Collection
    From the Walker Art Gallery collections

Inscriptions

Item inscriptions

  • Inscription text: indecipherable 1908
    Inscription method:
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Below plate
  • Inscription text: J Pennell del el imp
    Inscription method: Pencil
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Below plate
Object view = Fine Art
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