About this object

Named after the president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, John Edgar Thomson (1808-74), the steel works in Pittsburgh was opened in 1872 by the Scottish immigrant Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919). Carnegie improved the designs of the original ‘Bessemer’ process and reduced the cost of making steel. Located on the banks of the Monongahela River, the mill could provide cost-effective transportation of iron and steel products via the River.

When Pennell visited the Carnegie Institute in 1908 he “found these works and this view of them on a trolley ride out of Pittsburgh. They group themselves under their canopy of smoke as finely as any in the world… how much more impressive is a row of blast furnaces, oil wells, and coal breakers, than trees!”.

Object specifics

  • Artist(s)
    Joseph Pennell (American, born:1857-07-04, died:1926-04-23)
  • Date
    1908
  • Materials
    Paper; Etching
  • Measurements
    plate mark: 27.7 cm x 20 cm
  • Physical description
    A high trestle work crosses a narrow valley in the foreground with several houses located beneath. Steel mill and chimneys visible in the middleground amongst smoke with hills and viaduct in distance.
  • Related people
    Joseph Pennell (Artist/maker)
  • Other number(s)
    WAG Inventory Number: 1568
  • Credit line
    Purchased by the Walker Art Gallery from the Liverpool Autumn Exhibition in 1909
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Collection
    From the Walker Art Gallery collections

Inscriptions

Item inscriptions

  • Inscription text: J Pennell imp
    Inscription method: Pencil
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Below plate; Centre
  • Inscription text: J Pennell imp
    Inscription method: Pencil
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Below plate; Centre
  • Inscription text: Edgar ThomsonSteel works, Pittsburg
    Inscription method: Pencil
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Below plate
  • Inscription text: ANDRIEUX
    Inscription method:
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location:
Object view = Fine Art
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