For many children the voyage was a time of fear, but also of excitement and adventure; new friends were made, new sights seen, and new places found to explore.
While the separation from home and family was hard, many children left behind a life of hardship and neglect. The voyage inspired expectation and hope for their future.
Watch two short dramatisations following the voyages of child migrants from different eras.
Child migrant Mary tells us about her voyage from Liverpool to Canada on board Allan Line ship 'Sarmatian' in 1878.
Child migrant William talks about sailing from London to Australia in 1950 on board 'SS Ormonde'.
Both films were shot on location at Merseyside Maritime Museum in summer 2010.