Windmill and Lock

Joseph Mallord William Turner, Published on 01 June 1811

WAG 4466

About this object

This print, 'Windmill and Lock', is plate 27 of Turner's 'Liber Studiorum' series. It is an example of the Pastoral category of landscape painting. It was published with the 6th part of the series on 01 June 1811.

The 'Liber Studiorum' illustrated Turner’s arguments for the supremacy of landscape painting. The title means ‘book of studies’ in Latin. It contained no written text, instead it was made up of individual mezzotint prints on paper. They were released in fourteen parts from around 1807 until 1819. Turner intended the 'Liber' to consist of 100 prints but only 71 were ultimately produced.

The prints reflected the five categories of landscape painting Turner believed existed: architectural, historical, marine, mountainous and pastoral. Turner wrote an initial on each work to indicate which category it belonged to.

Object specifics

  • Artist(s)
    William Say (British, born:1768, died:24 August 1834)
    Joseph Mallord William Turner (British: English, born:probably 23 April 1775, died:19 December 1851)
  • Date
    Published on 01 June 1811
  • Materials
    Mezzotint; Paper
  • Measurements
    image: 17.9 cm x 25.9 cm
  • Physical description
    A landscape of a windmill with a canal lock beneath. Men are operating the lock while a barge waits for passage on the left. A white horse grazes in the foreground as the sun is setting in the sky.
  • Related people
    William Say (Artist/maker, engraver); Joseph Mallord William Turner (Artist/maker)
  • Other number(s)
    WAG Inventory Number: 4466
  • Credit line
    Purchased by the Walker Art Gallery in 1874
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Collection
    From the Walker Art Gallery collections


Item inscriptions

  • Inscription text: P
    Inscription method: Printed
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Above plate
  • Inscription text: June 1 1811
    Inscription method:
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location:
  • Inscription text: From a picture in the possession of J.M.W. Turner RA
    Inscription method:
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Below plate
Object view = Fine Art
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