Entrance to Calais Harbour (First State?)

Joseph Mallord William Turner, Published on 01 January 1816

WAG 4501

About this object

This print, 'Entrance of Calais Harbour', is plate 55 of Turner's 'Liber Studiorum' series. It is an example of the Marine category of landscape painting. It was published with the 11th part of the series on 01 January 1816.

The 'Liber Studiorum' illustrated Turner’s arguments for the supremacy of landscape painting. The title means ‘book of studies’ in Latin. It contained no written text, instead it was made up of individual mezzotint prints on paper. They were released in fourteen parts from around 1807 until 1819. Turner intended the 'Liber' to consist of 100 prints but only 71 were ultimately produced.

The prints reflected the five categories of landscape painting Turner believed existed: architectural, historical, marine, mountainous and pastoral. Turner wrote an initial on each work to indicate which category it belonged to.

Object specifics

  • Artist(s)
    Joseph Mallord William Turner (British: English, born:probably 23 April 1775, died:19 December 1851)
  • Date
    Published on 01 January 1816
  • Materials
    Mezzotint; Paper
  • Measurements
    image: 18 cm x 26.7 cm
  • Physical description
    A seascape of four sailing vessels in rough waters with a marker bouy on the far right. The shore can be seen in the distance showing a steeple and tower on the right.
  • Related people
    Joseph Mallord William Turner (Artist/maker)
  • Other number(s)
    WAG Inventory Number: 4501
  • Credit line
    Purchased by the Walker Art Gallery in 1874
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Collection
    From the Walker Art Gallery collections


Item inscriptions

  • Inscription text: M
    Inscription method: Printed
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Above plate
  • Inscription text: Jan 1st 1816
    Inscription method:
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location:
  • Inscription text: 1st State (front, centre)
    Inscription method: Ink
    Inscription note:
    Inscription location: Front
Object view = Fine Art
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