Deal

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Name: A R Johnston
Gender: N/A
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: unknown or unrecorded
Date of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Place of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Date of death: unknown or unrecorded
Place of death: unknown or unrecorded
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: 20th-century art collector
Further information: Former owner of J M W Turner's (1775 - 1851) 'Deal' (WAG 1001) in the Walker Art Gallery's collection.

Name: I A Abram
Gender: Female
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: unknown or unrecorded
Date of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Place of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Date of death: 1951
Place of death: unknown or unrecorded
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: Donor of important watercolours in the Walker Art Gallery collection
Further information: Miss Abram was the former owner and donor of various works in the Walker Art Gallery collection. These works include 'Deal' and 'Whalley Abbey' by J M W Turner (1775 - 1851), 'Vale of Clwyd' by Copley Fielding (1787 - 1855) and 'St Sauveur, Dives, No... more

Name: Professor J Hill Abram
Gender: N/A
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: unknown or unrecorded
Date of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Place of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Date of death: unknown or unrecorded
Place of death: unknown or unrecorded
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: 20th- century art collector
Further information: Former owner of work by J M W Turner (1775 - 1851), including 'Whalley Abbey' (WAG 1000) in the Walker Art Gallery's collection.

Name: Agnew's Gallery
Gender: N/A
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: unknown or unrecorded
Date of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Place of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Date of death: unknown or unrecorded
Place of death: unknown or unrecorded
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: Former art dealers and print publishers (1817 - 2013)
Further information: Thomas Agnew took over sole control of an art dealers founded by Vittore Zanetti (dates unrecorded) in Manchester in 1835. The company had originally been set up in 1817. Agnew renamed it 'Thomas Agnew and Sons'. The firm specialised in old master pa... more

Name: Ernest Gambart
Gender: Male
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: Belgian
Date of birth: 1814
Place of birth: Europe: Western Europe: Belgium
Date of death: 1902
Place of death: Europe: Western Europe: France: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur: Nice
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: Belgian-born art publisher and dealer (1814 - 1902)
Further information: Ernest Gambart was an important art dealer in Britain from 1840 until his retirement in 1871. He had originally come to England as a representative of the Paris-based Goupil publishers but quickly set up his own business. After his retirement in abou... more

Name: Leggatt Brothers
Gender: N/A
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: unknown or unrecorded
Date of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Place of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Date of death: unknown or unrecorded
Place of death: unknown or unrecorded
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: Fine art dealers and print publishers (active 1820 - 1992)
Further information: The firm was established in 1820 by the sons of Henry Leggatt (1817 - 1864) and contined to trade in London until it closed in 1992.

Name: Frederick Richards Leyland
Gender: Male
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: British: English
Date of birth: 1831-09-30
Place of birth: Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: Merseyside: Liverpool
Date of death: 1892-01-04
Place of death: Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: London
Cause of death: Heart attack
Brief biography: Liverpool-born ship owner and art patron (1831 - 1892)
Further information: Leyland was apprenticed to Liverpool's oldest independent shipping line, John Bibby & Sons, in 1844. He was promoted several times until be was appointed a merchant in the firm in 1859. He proved himself in 1861 by settling a dispute between the firm... more

Name: John Miller
Gender: Male
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: British: Scottish
Date of birth: 1796 about
Place of birth: Europe: Northern Europe: UK: Scotland
Date of death: 1876
Place of death: Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: Merseyside: Wirral: Wallasey: New Brighton
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: Liverpool-based Scottish merchant (about 1796 - 1876) who collected Pre-Raphaelite artworks
Further information: Lanarkshire-born John Miller (about 1796-1876) was in business as a merchant in Liverpool by 1819. He came to be highly respected within the town’s business community. Miller also became one of Liverpool’s most important and prolific art collectors. His collecting bordered on obsession, although economic peaks and troughs influenced his activity. His first Pre-Raphaelite purchases followed a successful business deal in 1854 but he sold a substantial part of his collection in 1858 after months of financial losses. Over the years, Miller’s Liverpool homes and
business premises, and his retreat ‘Ardencraig’ on the Isle of Bute, overflowed with pictures. He also became an amateur picture dealer, buying and selling on behalf of artists and other collectors. He lent works to friends and brokered loans to exhibitions.

Miller’s patronage was renowned, making it possible for painters such as William Davis (1812 - 1873) to survive. He also enjoyed close friendships with the London Pre-Raphaelite artists, notably Ford Madox Brown (1821 - 1893). The well-liked Scot was a familiar figure at the Liverpool Academy and hosted house parties at which the Liverpool and London Pre-Raphaelites socialised. Amongst works previously owned by Miller were Millais’s (1829 - 1896) The Blind Girl (Birmingham Museums), Brown’s Waiting: An English Fireside in the Winter of 1854-5 (Walker Art Gallery) and Windus’s (1822 - 1907) Burd Helen (Walker Art Gallery).

Miller worked in the same office building in Crosshall Street Liverpool, as Scottish-born Liverpool merchant and businessman Joseph Robinson. Robinson was also an art collector and the two were known to exchange art works. There is a portrait of Joseph Robinson (WAG 8657) and a portrait of his wife (WAG 8658), in the Walker Art Gallery collection painted by British artist John Ewart Robertson (1820 - 1879).

Name: Joseph Mallord William Turner
Gender: Male
Relationship: Maker
Nationality: British: English
Date of birth: 1775-05-23 probably
Place of birth: Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: London: City of Westminster: Covent Garden
Date of death: 1851-12-19
Place of death: Europe: Northern Europe: UK: England: London: Kensington and Chelsea: Chelsea
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: British landscape painter and printmaker (1775 - 1851)
Further information: Turner is regarded as one of the greatest British artists of all time. He helped transform British art and raise landscape painting from ‘superior wallpaper’ to the defining genre of the period.

His long artistic career began at the Royal Academy Sc... more

Name: W S Carne
Gender: N/A
Relationship: Previous owner
Nationality: unknown or unrecorded
Date of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Place of birth: unknown or unrecorded
Date of death: unknown or unrecorded
Place of death: unknown or unrecorded
Cause of death: unknown or unrecorded
Brief biography: 19th-century art collector
Further information: Former owner of J M W Turner's (1775 - 1851) 'Deal' (WAG 1001) in the Walker Art Gallery's collection.