Captain Fothergill's sculpture collection

fothergill

About this collection

In 1872 Captain Fothergill donated 125 limestone pieces to Liverpool museum. These were mainly heads of votive figures and fragments of bodies. 11 of the pieces belong to the group known as the Temple Boys.

From research into the Lloyd's 'Captains Registers' we know that Captain William Fothergill was born in 1831 at the Isle of Man and qualified in London in 1856. He was captain of the 'Thessalia' between 1871 and at least 1873.  From comparing the material with the British Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of New York, it seems likely he was associated with two early antiquity collectors in Cyprus: the English diplomat Sir Robert Hamilton Lang and the General Luigi Palma di Cesnola, the latter the first director of the Metropolitan Museum of New York.

Although excavations were possibly in Cyprus with the permission of the Turkish sultan at the time, transporting material out of the island was much more difficult. Captain Fothergill is associated with transporting material for Lang and it is possible that our collections originated from Lang’s or Cesnola’s excavations. They may had been either offered as a gift to the Captain or as payment for his services. Liverpool was probably just one of the stops in the steamer’s journey. 

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  • World War II, Home Front

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    Description: The home front covers the activities of the civilians in a nation at war. World War II was a total war; homeland production became even more invaluable to both the Allied and Axis powers. Life on the home front during World War II was a significant part of the war effort for all participants and had a major impact on the outcome of the war. Governments became involved with new issues such as rationing, manpower allocation, home defense, evacuation in the face of air raids, and response to occupation by an enemy power. The morale and psychology of the people responded to leadership and propaganda. Typically women were mobilized to an unprecedented degree. The success in mobilizing economic output was a major factor in supporting combat operations. All of the powers involved had learned from their experiences on the Home front during World War I and tried to use its lessons and avoid its possible sources of error. The home front engaged in several activities to help the British army and navy, including taking down metal fences and gates to replace them with stone or wood. The metal was then melted down, and used for battle ships or planes. Wiki - December 2013

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