About this object

Spinning and weaving model. Rectangular board painted black with rectangular knotch missing from one corner. The frame of a horizontal loom and warp threads are painted in black lines on the board. Pegs are placed at three corners of the loom. Two female weavers sit at the short end of the loom and one female spinner stands at the other end, with two containers behind her. She holds a spindle in her left hand and from her right another spindle hangs down from some thread. The standing female is now missing linen that was wrapped around her waist, shown in an early (pre 1941?) photograph in our archives. From the tomb of Khetya (no. 575) that was found undisturbed and most of the other objects are now in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Model
  • Culture
    Middle Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date made
    2055 BC - 1773 BC (Dynasty 11 - 12) about
  • Materials
    Paint; Wood; Gesso
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the Univeristy of Liverpool, 2000
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date collected
    1902 - 1904
  • Measurements
    205 mm x 175 mm x 300 mm
  • Note
    Compare with a model in Boston: http://www.mfa.org/collections/object/model-of-weavers-143965
  • Related people

Where is this object from?

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Publications

  • Ancient Egyptian and Greek Looms

    Roth, Henry Ling

    Author: Roth, Henry Ling
    Publisher: F. King & Sons, Ltd.
    Date: 1913
    Description:

  • 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902 - 1903 - 1904)', in Annales du Service des Antiquitiés de l’Égypte volume 5, pp. 215-228

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Annales du Service des Antiquitiés de l’Égypte
    Date: 1904
    Description: Brief account of John Garstang's fieldwork at Beni Hasan.

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Public Museums, Liverpool 4th Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1932-03
    Description:

  • Le Tissage aux Cartons et son Utilisation Décorative dans l'Égypte Ancienne

    Arnold van Gennep and Gustave Jéquier

    Author: Arnold van Gennep and Gustave Jéquier
    Publisher: Delachaux & Niestlé s.a
    Date: 1916
    Description: 'Le Tissage aux Cartons et son Utilisation Décorative dans l'Égypte Ancienne' was published in 1916, and some of its conclusions, including those about the Ramesses Girdle (M11156) in the chapter called "L'Écharpe du Musée de Liverpool dite ceinture de Ramsès III" created considerable controversy. The book describes and categorises many decorative motifs from Egyptian tombs, statues, and paintings. The authors consider whether the patterns represent cardwoven bands; and provide instructions for creating many of the designs with cardweaving. Illustrated with 6 color plates of cardwoven bands, 6 black and white plates, and 135 line drawings. This book is available online at this link http://www.cs.arizona.edu/patterns/weaving/books/vga_card_2.pdf

  • The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as Illustrated by Tombs of the Middle Kingdom being a Report of Excavations made in the Necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4.

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
    Date: 1907
    Description: John Garstang's account of his excavations of the lower cemetery at Beni Hassan during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04 (250p, 231 b/w illus). A 34 page appendix gives an inventory of most objects found within the tombs and has reference to where some objects were located at the time of publication. Those marked as being at Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology are now either in 2 museums in Liverpool: World Museum or the Garstang Museum of Archaeology.

  • 'Twirling the Whorl', Nekhen News volume 28 (Winter 2016) pp. 13-14.

    Drewsen, Anne

    Author: Drewsen, Anne
    Publisher: The Friends of Nekhen
    Date: 2016
    Description:

Events

  • Liverpool Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-1904

    Start date: 1902
    End date: 1902
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Beni Hasan Excavation Committee during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04. In the lower cemetery, below the large rock-cut tombs of the high-officials, 1000 undecorated shaft tombs dating to the early Middle Kingdom contained tomb equipment such as coffins, pottery and wooden funerary models. Garstang's report includes a discussion of the artefacts and detailed descriptions of 4 intact tombs. Also included is a description of some earlier Old Kingdom burials and some tombs of the Third Intermediate Period (and later) at the southern end of the site, near Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar). The bulk of World Museum's Beni Hasan collection came direct from the university following the end of the excavations and after World War Two to replace those destroyed by enemy action in the war. Some other artefacts came from John Garstang's private collection, Norwich Castle Museum, Wellcome Historical Museum and Rossall School (Fleetwood, Lancashire). Bibliography John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-3'. Man 3 (1903) pp. 97-98 & 129-130. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan in Upper Egypt (Second season)'. Man 4 (1904) pp. 97-99. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902-1903-1904)'. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 5 (1904) pp.215-227;. John Garstang,'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as illustrated by tombs of the Middle Kingdom; being a report on excavations made in the necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4. (London, 1907).

  • De Kleren van de farao

    Start date: 1994
    End date: 1994
    Description: An exhibition about textiles and clothing in Ancient Egypt organised by the National Museum of Antiquities, Leiden. Opened in Leiden and then travelled to Denmark and Germany. Loan no. AE LO 26193

  • Pharaohs and Mortals: Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom

    Start date: 1988-04-19
    End date: 1988-04-19
    Description: An exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 19 April to 16 June 1988 and at World Museum, Liverpool, 18 July to 4 September 1988.

Ownership

Previous owners

  • University of Liverpool

    Owned from: 1904
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 2000
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Beni Hasan Excavation Committee

    Owned from: 1902
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1904
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • John Burges Eustace Garstang

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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