About this object

Rectangular wooden coffin, without a lid, inscribed for Keki, a steward of Khnumhotep. Painted in polychrome with a series of monumental doorways and an eye-panel at the head end on one side. The horizontal line of hieroglyphic inscription extending along the upper edge on either side invokes Osiris. A series of four vertical columns of inscription breaks up the decoration on either side. The deities invoked are Amset, Geb, Nut, Duamutef (misspelt as Duaditef), Hapy, Anubis, Ptah-Sokar and Qebehsenuef. The head and foot ends are framed by three lines of inscription, invoking Nephthys, Servet, Neith, Isis and the Great and Little Enneads. The interior of the coffin is also decorated and inscribed. Articles of clothing and equipment for the deceased are depicted. These include, sandals, mirrors, jewellery and staves.
The inscriptions come from the group of spells known as the Coffin texts, and other standard funerary formulae. The deities invoked are Anubis, Isis and Geb. From Beni Hasan, tomb 886.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Middle Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date made
    1922 BC - 1874 BC (Dynasty 12: Reign of Amenemhat II - Senusret II) about
  • Materials
    Paint; Wood; Gesso
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the University of Liverpool, 2000
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date collected
    1902 before - 1904 before
  • Measurements
    568 mm x 560 mm x 2100 mm
  • Note
    Curator's Note: The coffin is not marked with a tomb number (that I know of) and the original catalogue card from the Institute of Archaeology (Liverpool) does not record the tomb number. On p. 46 of Garstang (1904) he describes "2 fine coffins of Keka and Nekht" found in a recess in the floor of the burial chamber of 886, covered with limestone slabs. I wonder if this damaged the lid of 55.82.113 so much that Garstang chose not to keep hold of it. However, it's confusing as in the appendix on p. 243 it describes 886 as "Tomb of Keka, a Steward, and Hetep-Bu" with no mention of 'Nekht'.
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Publications

  • Chests of Life: A Study of the Typology and Conceptual Development of Middle Kingdom Standard Class Coffins

    Willems, Harco

    Author: Willems, Harco
    Publisher: Ex Oriente Lux
    Date: 1988
    Description: Chests of Life: A Study of the Typology and Conceptual Development of Middle Kingdom Standard Class Coffins. Volume 25 of Mededelingen en verhandelingen van het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap "Ex Oriente Lux"/Volume 25 of Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux: Mededelingen en verhandelingen. Available online: https://lirias.kuleuven.be/bitstream/123456789/246455/1/Chests

  • Egyptian Antiquities in the Liverpool Museum: a List of the Provenanced Objects

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Southworth, Edmund

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Southworth, Edmund
    Publisher: Aris and Phillips Ltd
    Date: 1986
    Description:

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as Illustrated by Tombs of the Middle Kingdom being a Report of Excavations made in the Necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4.

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
    Date: 1907
    Description: John Garstang's account of his excavations of the lower cemetery at Beni Hassan during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04 (250p, 231 b/w illus). A 34 page appendix gives an inventory of most objects found within the tombs and has reference to where some objects were located at the time of publication. Those marked as being at Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology are now either in 2 museums in Liverpool: World Museum or the Garstang Museum of Archaeology.

Events

  • Liverpool Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-1904

    Start date: 1902
    End date: 1902
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Beni Hasan Excavation Committee during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04. In the lower cemetery, below the large rock-cut tombs of the high-officials, 1000 undecorated shaft tombs dating to the early Middle Kingdom contained tomb equipment such as coffins, pottery and wooden funerary models. Garstang's report includes a discussion of the artefacts and detailed descriptions of 4 intact tombs. Also included is a description of some earlier Old Kingdom burials and some tombs of the Third Intermediate Period (and later) at the southern end of the site, near Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar). The bulk of World Museum's Beni Hasan collection came direct from the university following the end of the excavations and after World War Two to replace those destroyed by enemy action in the war. Some other artefacts came from John Garstang's private collection, Norwich Castle Museum, Wellcome Historical Museum and Rossall School (Fleetwood, Lancashire). Bibliography John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-3'. Man 3 (1903) pp. 97-98 & 129-130. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan in Upper Egypt (Second season)'. Man 4 (1904) pp. 97-99. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902-1903-1904)'. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 5 (1904) pp.215-227;. John Garstang,'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as illustrated by tombs of the Middle Kingdom; being a report on excavations made in the necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4. (London, 1907).

  • Pharaohs and Mortals: Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom

    Start date: 1988-04-19
    End date: 1988-04-19
    Description: An exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 19 April to 16 June 1988 and at World Museum, Liverpool, 18 July to 4 September 1988.

Ownership

Previous owners

  • University of Liverpool

    Owned from: 1904
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 2000
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Beni Hasan Excavation Committee

    Owned from: 1902
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1904
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • John Burges Eustace Garstang

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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