About this object

Rectangular wooden coffin inscribed for Nakht-ankh. Painted in polychrome with a series of monumental doorways and an eye-panel at the head end on one side. The horizontal line of hieroglyphic inscription extending along the upper edge on either side invokes Osiris. A series of four vertical columns of inscription breaks up the decoration on either side. The lid is inscribed but damaged (areas appear burnt - perhaps by the fire in 1941). The head and foot ends are framed by three lines of inscription. The interior of the coffin is not decorated and the base is missing. From Beni Hasan, tomb 135.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Middle Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date made
    2025 BC - 1700 BC (Dynasty 11) about
  • Materials
    Paint; Wood; Gesso
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the University of Liverpool, 2000
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date collected
    1902 - 1904
  • Measurements
    505 mm x 542 mm x 2060 mm
  • Note
    Curator's Note: There is confusion over the tomb number which could also be no. 284 "portions of inscribed coffins of ...Nekht-ankh", but since the coffin is almost complete (just floor of the base missing) and is referred to as Nakht in the museum documentation this makes tomb 284 an unlikely source.
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Publications

  • Chests of Life: A Study of the Typology and Conceptual Development of Middle Kingdom Standard Class Coffins

    Willems, Harco

    Author: Willems, Harco
    Publisher: Ex Oriente Lux
    Date: 1988
    Description: Chests of Life: A Study of the Typology and Conceptual Development of Middle Kingdom Standard Class Coffins. Volume 25 of Mededelingen en verhandelingen van het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap "Ex Oriente Lux"/Volume 25 of Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap Ex Oriente Lux: Mededelingen en verhandelingen. Available online: https://lirias.kuleuven.be/bitstream/123456789/246455/1/Chests

  • Egyptian Antiquities in the Liverpool Museum: a List of the Provenanced Objects

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Southworth, Edmund

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Southworth, Edmund
    Publisher: Aris and Phillips Ltd
    Date: 1986
    Description:

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as Illustrated by Tombs of the Middle Kingdom being a Report of Excavations made in the Necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4.

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
    Date: 1907
    Description: John Garstang's account of his excavations of the lower cemetery at Beni Hassan during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04 (250p, 231 b/w illus). A 34 page appendix gives an inventory of most objects found within the tombs and has reference to where some objects were located at the time of publication. Those marked as being at Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology are now either in 2 museums in Liverpool: World Museum or the Garstang Museum of Archaeology.

Events

  • Liverpool Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-1904

    Start date: 1902
    End date: 1902
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Beni Hasan Excavation Committee during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04. In the lower cemetery, below the large rock-cut tombs of the high-officials, 1000 undecorated shaft tombs dating to the early Middle Kingdom contained tomb equipment such as coffins, pottery and wooden funerary models. Garstang's report includes a discussion of the artefacts and detailed descriptions of 4 intact tombs. Also included is a description of some earlier Old Kingdom burials and some tombs of the Third Intermediate Period (and later) at the southern end of the site, near Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar). The bulk of World Museum's Beni Hasan collection came direct from the university following the end of the excavations and after World War Two to replace those destroyed by enemy action in the war. Some other artefacts came from John Garstang's private collection, Norwich Castle Museum, Wellcome Historical Museum and Rossall School (Fleetwood, Lancashire). Bibliography John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-3'. Man 3 (1903) pp. 97-98 & 129-130. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan in Upper Egypt (Second season)'. Man 4 (1904) pp. 97-99. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902-1903-1904)'. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 5 (1904) pp.215-227;. John Garstang,'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as illustrated by tombs of the Middle Kingdom; being a report on excavations made in the necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4. (London, 1907).

Ownership

Previous owners

  • University of Liverpool

    Owned from: 1904
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 2000
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Beni Hasan Excavation Committee

    Owned from: 1902
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1904
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • John Burges Eustace Garstang

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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