About this object

A finely carved shabti wearing a short sleeved tunic, and an ankle–length garment with a projecting triangular apron – the dress of daily life that was typical for wealthy noblemen during the New Kingdom. The tunic has sleeves that end above the elbows, showing details of pleating. The midriff is exposed with the belly button indicated. The apron has pleats on each side, and is tied at the back in a sash with further pleating shown in the modelling. The head of the shabti is pushing forwards, and wears an elaborate bipartite or duplex wig with curls defined in the modelling. The arms are well modelled, and crossed right over left above the waist. The right hand holds a djed pillar – an amulet that represents the backbone of Osiris as a symbol of strength, and the left hand holds a tyt amulet – a loop of cloth, tied and knotted, that was associated with the goddess Isis, and carried as a symbol of protection. A small but neatly defined basket with square–hatched detail is carried on the back behind the right shoulder. A horizontal yoke is shown in the modelling below the back of the wig that supports a pair of very small water pots that are indicted behind each shoulder. Water pots are very rarely found on shabtis of this type. The face of the shabti is round in shape with full cheeks. The eyes are somewhat bulbous, and the eye lids are quite thick. The broad nose is a little abraded. Crease lines are indicated at the neck. A pair of small pendant amulets of undetermined design are suspended from a thin cord worn around the neck. The ankles and feet are well defined in the modelling. Sandals are worn on the feet. There is a vertical column of an incised inscription on the front of the apron, while the torso of the shabti has a further five horizontal bands of inscription. The owner is named as Amun– em–ipet. The name is followed by a version of Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead. Material identified as greenstone by the staff of the geology department at World Museum 21 August 2008. Bequest of Sir Rider Haggard, 1925.

Translation of the inscription: The illuminated one, the Osiris, Amun–em–ipet, he speaks: O, these shabtis, if you are counted, if you are reckoned to do all the works that are to be done for him there in the realm of the dead, ?? obstacles? to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks, to transport by boat the sand of the west.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    New Kingdom: Ramesside
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    1295 BC - 1186 BC (Dynasty 19)
  • Materials
    Greenstone
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Purchased from the collections of Norwich Castle Museum, 1956
  • Collector
    Henry Rider Haggard
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    1925 before
  • Measurements
    161 mm x 59 mm x 53 mm
  • Note
    Transliteration and translation of the inscription:

    [Vertical]: sHD Wsir Imn-m-Ip.t Dd.f i, "The illuminated one, the Osiris, Amun– em–ipet, he speaks: O".

    [horizontal]: sHD Wsir Imn-m-Ip.t Dd.f i SAb.ty ip.tw iry ip.tw Hsb.t[w] r ir[.t] r kA.t.f nb r ir.t m Xr.t-nTr s r sDb.w srwD sx.t r smH.y wDb.w [r] Xn.t Say imn.tt, "The illuminated one, the Osiris, Amun–em–ipet, he speaks: O, these shabtis, if you are counted, if you are reckoned to do all the works that are to be done for him there in the realm of the dead, ?? obstacles? to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks, to transport by boat the sand of the west".
  • Related people
    Henry Rider Haggard (Collector, previous owner); Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery (Previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related

Publications

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • The Shabti Collections volume 6: a Selection from World Museum, Liverpool

    Janes, Glenn

    Author: Janes, Glenn
    Publisher: Olicar House Publications
    Date: 2016
    Description: Lavishly illustrated catalogue of inscribed and excavated shabtis from the collection of World Museum, Liverpool, with a six page foreword by the curator, Ashley Cooke, describing the history of the collection . For more details visit the publisher's website: http://www.shabtis.com/liverpoolcatalogue.php

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery

    Owned from: 1925
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1956
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Henry Rider Haggard

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1925
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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