About this object

Mummy of a young boy with decorative wrapping and a painted panel portrait. The bandaging was described by the excavator, Flinders Petrie, as the most perfect example of the complex system of diagonal winding. The colours have now faded, but the thirteen layers were, from the outside, gilt, red, white, red, white, red, white, blue, white, red, white, brown and white. No studs were necessary to hold the bandages in place. The portrait is damaged, but was originally very fine. It is probably that the damage was due to weathering and occurred during the time that elapsed between the preparation of the mummy and the actual burial (Shore, 1962). An amulet, probably metallic, lies within the mouth on the surface of the tongue. The excavator, Professor Flinders Petrie thought that the face was that of a girl, but radiographs prove that it is the portrait of a very young boy. The mummy was X-rayed by PHK Gray in November 1966 and the interpretation of the radiograph images below is taken from the 1968 publication of the study:

SKULL:
Flexed. The mouth is closed, and all teeth appear to be present. There are no obvious fractures, but some granular material seems to be present in the left side of the cranial cavity. An amulet, probably metallic, lies within the mouth on the surface of the tongue.

THORAX & ABDOMEN:
The body cavities appear to be free from packing material. Owing to tight bandaging, the thoracic cage shows evidence of compression, the ribs being dislocated at their costo-vertebral articulations but not fractured. The spinal column appears within normal limits, and the intervertebral disc spaces are not opaque.

PELVIS:
The bones and joints appear normal, but a saucer-shaped object (almost certainly made of the same material as the amulet within the mouth) has been placed over the genitalia.

ARMS:
Extended. The palms of the hands, fingers extended, rest upon the anterior aspect of the thighs. No fractures or dislocations seen.

LEGS:
The bones and joints appear within normal limits. No lines of arrested growth, fractures or dislocations seen.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Animal Remains
  • Culture
    Romano-Egyptian
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hawara
  • Date made
    100 AD - 150 AD about
  • Materials
    Human Body, Linen Textile Plant, Pigment, Metal
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt, 1911
  • Collector
    British School of Archaeology in Egypt
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hawara
  • Date collected
    1911
  • Measurements
    290 mm x 290 mm x 900 mm
  • Note
    This is object no. 18 on the Schools Activity Trail.
    Being studied by Mr R. Loynes for Manchester University PhD, commenced work 2012 (CT scanned 20.10.2012)
  • Related people
    British School of Archaeology in Egypt (Collector, previous owner); William Matthew Flinders Petrie (Previous owner)

Where is this object from?

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Publications

  • Egyptian Antiquities in the Liverpool Museum: a List of the Provenanced Objects

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Southworth, Edmund

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Southworth, Edmund
    Publisher: Aris and Phillips Ltd
    Date: 1986
    Description:

  • Egyptian Mummies in the City of Liverpool Museums

    Peter Gray and Dorothy Slow

    Author: Peter Gray and Dorothy Slow
    Publisher: Liverpool Corporation
    Date: 1968
    Description: Results of 1967 X Rays of the mummies in Liverpool Museum (now World Museum).

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Public Museums, Liverpool 4th Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1932-03
    Description:

  • Prepared for Eternity: A study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies

    Loynes, Robert

    Author: Loynes, Robert
    Publisher: Archaeopress
    Date: 2015
    Description: This publication brings together personal analyses of sixty CT scans of ancient Egyptian human mummies collected from many museums throughout the UK and continental Europe, including eight from World Museum, Liverpool. The effect is that of performing ‘virtual autopsies’ (‘virtopsies’) allowing techniques of mummification to be examined. The historical age of the mummies ranges from the Middle Kingdom to the Roman Period. Several new observations are made regarding the preparation of mummies and confirmation of previously described themes is tempered by the observation of variations probably indicating individual workshop practices. The work presents a springboard for further detailed research on the subject.

  • Roman Portraits and Memphis (IV)

    Petrie, William Matthew Flinders

    Author: Petrie, William Matthew Flinders
    Publisher: British School of Archaeology in Egypt
    Date: 1911
    Description: Publication of photographs and drawings from the 1910-11 winter excavation season at Hawara in the Faiyum directed by Flinders Petrie for the British School of Archaeology in Egypt. Also includes mummies with portraits excavated in 1888 and results of excavations at Memphis.

Events

  • British School of Archaeology in Egypt. Excavations at Hawara, 1910-11

    Start date: 1910
    End date: 1910
    Description: 1910-11 winter excavation season at Hawara in the Faiyum directed by Flinders Petrie for the British School of Archaeology in Egypt. Petrie discoverd over 100 mummies in the Roman cemetery to the north of the Middle Kingdom pyramid of Amenemhat III. In 1911 the committee of the British School of Archaeology in Egypt donated a child mummy with portrait to the museum which was accessioned on 13 October 1911, accession number 13.10.11.25.

Ownership

Previous owners

Object view = Humanities
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