About this object

Round-topped stela with triangular summit, decorated with three registers and offering texts carved down the centre of the back and edges. The uppermost register shows the physician Tuthmose [Djhutmosi] Panebnefer censing and libating, and his wife Dedia standing in adoration holding flowers in her right hand before the seated god Osiris-Onnophris followed by Isis and Nephthys. In the middle register is a representation of the ceremony of the ‘opening of the mouth’ performed on the mummy of Tuthmose Panebnefer to ensure the deceased the use of his limbs and organs. The formula of the spell is read by a man, probably the eldest son, dressed in a leopard skin in the role of the sem-priest, and behind is a group of mourning women. In the lower register are five men and five women standing in adoration. Within the pointed top is an image of Anubis on his divine booth.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    1295 BC - 1186 BC (Dynasty 19)
  • Materials
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Sams
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    710 mm x 415 mm x 110 mm
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Previous owner); Joseph Sams (Collector, previous owner)

Explore related


  • Ancient Egypt: objects of antiquity forming part of the extensive and rich collections from Ancient Egypt brought to England by, or now in the possession of, J. Sams

    Sams, Joseph

    Author: Sams, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Sams
    Date: 1839
    Description: This rare book contains images of many objects now in World Museum Liverpool. Most survived the fire that destroyed the museum in 1941, but for those that perished this publication provides one of the only records of their existence. Many objects in Liverpool's Egyptology collection once belonged to Joseph Sams (1784-1860) a Darlington bookseller who visited Egypt and Palestine in 1822-3, bringing back an extensive collection of antiquities. Many were acquired by the British Museum by a Parliamentary grant in 1824. Between 1830 and 1839 Sams purchased objects from the collections of Henry Salt and Charles Bogaert. Much of Sams collection was later purchased by the Liverpool antiquarian Joseph Mayer (1803-1886). In 1867 Mayer donated 14,000 objects to the Liverpool Museum. Scans of some of the book can be found on the University of Heidelberg's website: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/sams1839/0001/thumbs?sid=e8625dd65d2533f48137aec215ade5a8#current_page

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: 83 page illustrated catalogue of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Joseph Sams or Lord Valentia collections. The woodcut illustrations were produced by the noted Victorian illustrator and engraver, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 catalogue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text. Much of this information was provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Compléments à la prosopographie médicale in Revue d'Égyptologie 25, pp. 58-83

    van de Walle, Baudouin; de Meulenaere, Herman

    Author: van de Walle, Baudouin; de Meulenaere, Herman
    Publisher: Société Française d'Égyptologie
    Date: 1973

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)

    Author: Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Main Hall of the Museums, Liverpool. 1st Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, T E

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, T E
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1923

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Public Museums, Liverpool 4th Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1932-03
    Description: The original handbook and guide was largey the work of Professor Newberry, before he retired from the Chair of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Professor T. E. Peet saw its completion, but also its revison in subsequent editions. The section on Meroe has been written by Miss D M Vaughan, M.A.

  • Notes on Nine Physicians of Pharaonic Egypt of Whom Five Hitherto Unknown in Bulletin de l'Institut Égyptien 51, pp. 15-23

    Habachi, Labib; Ghalioungui, Paul

    Author: Habachi, Labib; Ghalioungui, Paul
    Publisher: l'Institut Égyptien
    Date: 1969 - 1970

  • The Egyptian Collection in Margaret Gibson and Susan Wright (eds). Joseph Mayer of Liverpool 1803-1886

    Shore, A F

    Author: Shore, A F
    Publisher: Society of Antiquaries in association with National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
    Date: 1988
    Description: Description of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian collection written by A. F. Shore who was Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Unfortunately there are a few errors in the description of objects.

  • The Iconographic Theme: 'Opening of the Mouth' on Stelae in the Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 21, pp.169-96

    Schulman, A R

    Author: Schulman, A R
    Publisher: American Research Center in Egypt
    Date: 1984

  • The physicians of Pharaonic Egypt

    Paul Ghalioungui

    Author: Paul Ghalioungui
    Publisher: Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations; U S Dept. of Commerce, National Technical Information Service
    Date: 1983


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1836
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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