About this object

Votive model of a bivalve-shaped aragonite stone with hieroglyphic text that records a dedication from Hatshepsut to her celebrated ancestor, here termed ‘(fore)father’, Mentuhotep II of the 11th Dynasty (2055-2004 BC) who is here identified by his praenomen Nebhepetra. Once side is inscribed in two columns: "the perfect god, Maatkara: he has made a dedication (‘mnw’) for his father, Nebhepetra, the justified". The word 'mnw' is often translated as ‘monument’ but actually refers more generally to royal dedications.

This is probably from a foundation deposit at Deir el Bahri as it is like other examples excavated by H. E. Winlock and now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (e.g., accession no. 27.3.400). A stone such as this one probably represents a tool, such as a hammering stone that would have been used in the construction of the building. This identification fits with the context of other construction tools found in Hatshepsut's foundation deposits excavated by Winclock for the Metropolitan Museum of Art 1926-7.

Joseph Sams described the object as "No. 223. A charm of alabaster, containing a short inscription and cartouches of two ancient kings".

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date made
    1473 BC - 1458 BC (joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III) about
  • Materials
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes: Deir el Bahri
  • Date collected
    1867 before
  • Measurements
    105 mm x 60 mm x 30 mm
  • Note
    In March 1877 Samuel Birch of the British Museum examined the object and decalred it was a forgery but one to be kept. In the 1910's Professor Percy Newberry catalogued the object and dated it to the reign of Hatshepsut. In February 1932 a photograph was sent to H. E. Winlock of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Collector, previous owner)

Explore related


  • Ancient Egypt: objects of antiquity forming part of the extensive and rich collections from Ancient Egypt brought to England by, or now in the possession of, J. Sams

    Sams, Joseph

    Author: Sams, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Sams
    Date: 1839
    Description: This rare book contains images of many objects now in World Museum Liverpool. Most survived the fire that destroyed the museum in 1941, but for those that perished this publication provides one of the only records of their existence. Many objects in Liverpool's Egyptology collection once belonged to Joseph Sams (1784-1860) a Darlington bookseller who visited Egypt and Palestine in 1822-3, bringing back an extensive collection of antiquities. Many were acquired by the British Museum by a Parliamentary grant in 1824. Between 1830 and 1839 Sams purchased objects from the collections of Henry Salt and Charles Bogaert. Much of Sams collection was later purchased by the Liverpool antiquarian Joseph Mayer (1803-1886). In 1867 Mayer donated 14,000 objects to the Liverpool Museum. Scans of some of the book can be found on the University of Heidelberg's website: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/sams1839/0001/thumbs?sid=e8625dd65d2533f48137aec215ade5a8#current_page

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Fac-similes of certain portions of the Gospel of St. Matthew, and of the Epistles of Ss. James & Jude

    Simonides, Constantine

    Author: Simonides, Constantine
    Publisher: Trübner
    Date: 1861
    Description: Fac-similes of certain portions of the Gospel of St. Matthew, and of the Epistles of Ss. James & Jude, written on Papyrus in the First Century, and Preserved in the Egyptian Museum of Joseph Mayer, Esq. Liverpool. With a portrait of St. Matthew from a fresco painting at Mount Athos.

  • Hatshepsut and 'her father' Mentuhotpe II in Journal of Egyptian Archaeology volume 75

    Dodson, Aidan

    Author: Dodson, Aidan
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1989


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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