About this object

Solid-cast gold signet ring with swivelling rectangular bezel inscribed on one side with the throne name of Pharaoh Amenhotep II and epithets: “the perfect god, son of Amun, mighty lord” [nTr nfr sA imn nb xpS]; and on the other side, “the one who fights against hundred thousands, son of Ra, Amenhotep, divine ruler of Heliopolis” [aHA Hfnw sA ra imn-hTp nTr HqA iwnw]. The ring was likely to have been given as a gift to one of Amenhotep's officials and can be compared with a ring inscribed with the prenomen of Amenhotep father, Pharaoh Thutmose III, known now as the 'Ashburnham Ring' (British Museum inv. EA71492) which formed part of the burial assemblage of General Djehuty, whose tomb was discovered in the 1820s at Saqqara.

Joseph Mayer purchased the ring from Joseph Sams who had acquired it for £51.9.0 from the 1835 auction sale of the Henry Salt Collection, and is mentioned by the contributor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine' for April 1835 (vol. 4 p. 298). Mayer exhibited the ring at the Sixth Ordinary Meeting of the Historic Society of Lancashire & Cheshire which was held in the Board Room of the Collegiate Institution, Liverpool, on 4th April, 1850. The description accompanying the engraving describes that it was discovered “in one of the great tombs at Memphis, by Mr. Salt …The mummy from which it was taken was sold to the King of Holland, and forms one of the great treasures of the Royal Museum” (1850, p. 261).

Object specifics

  • Type
    Personal Ornament
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphis
  • Date made
    1427 BC - 1400 BC (Dynasty 18: Reign of Amenhotep II) about
  • Materials
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphis
  • Date collected
    1827 before
  • Measurements
    33 mm x 30 mm x 6 mm x 38.46 g
  • Note
    There is a hand-copy of the inscription made by Professor Percy Newberry on the record card.
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Collector, previous owner); Henry Salt ( Collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Previous owner)

Explore related


  • Catalogue of the Egypt Exploration Society's Exhibition of the Results of the Recent Excavations at Amarna and Armant and of a Loan Exhibition of Egyptian Jewellery. Wellcome Historical Medical Museum 8th September to 3rd October 1931

    Egypt Exploration Society

    Author: Egypt Exploration Society
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1931
    Description: 66 page catalogue of an exhibition held at Wellcome Historical Medical Museum 8th September to 3rd October 1931. No illustrations.

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: 83 page illustrated catalogue of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Joseph Sams or Lord Valentia collections. The woodcut illustrations were produced by the noted Victorian illustrator and engraver, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 catalogue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text. Much of this information was provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)

    Author: Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Finger-Ring Lore: Historical, Legendary and Anecdotal

    Jones, William

    Author: Jones, William
    Publisher: Chatto and Windus
    Date: 1898
    Description: Available online: http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=WA2aCdSHP_gC&q=liverpool#v=snippet&q=liverpool&f=false

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • Scarabs

    Newberry, Percy E

    Author: Newberry, Percy E
    Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
    Date: 1906
    Description: An introduction to the study of Egyptian seals and signet rings with 44 plates and 116 illustrations in the text.

  • The "Ceremonial Garments" of Tuthmosis IV Reconsidered in Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 19


  • 'The Egyptian Collection', in Margaret Gibson and Susan Wright (eds), Joseph Mayer of Liverpool 1803-1886

    Shore, A F

    Author: Shore, A F
    Publisher: Society of Antiquaries in association with National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
    Date: 1988
    Description: Description of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian collection written by A. F. Shore who was Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Unfortunately there are a few errors in the description of objects.

  • Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire & Cheshire volume 2 (1849-1850)

    Publisher: Historic Society of Lancashire & Cheshire
    Date: 1850
    Description: Description of articles exhibited by members at the The Sixth Ordinary Meeting of the Historic Society of Lancashire & Cheshire which was held in the Board Room of the Collegiate Institution, Liverpool, on Thursday, 4th April, 1850.


  • Egypt Exploration Society Annual Exhibition, 1931

    Start date: 1931-09-08
    End date: 1931-09-08
    Description: Egypt Exploration Society's annual exhibition held at the Wellcome Historical Medical Museum, London. The director of the Egypt Exploration Society, Sir Robert Mond, wrote to the museum on 26 May 1931 asking if Liverpool Museum could loan a selection of jewellery for a representative loan exhbition of 'Egyptian jewellery and beads' in conjunction with its annual exhibition of antquities from recent excavations (Amarna and Armant). The event was scheduled to close on 3 October but was extended to 31 October because of demand. In the 'Notes and News' section of the 'Journal of Egyptian Archaeology', vol. 17 parts III and IV (November 1931) page 254, it records that the "attaractive presentation of the loan-exhibits the society has chiefly to thank Mr Guy Brunton, who generously undertook the laborious task of arrangement and description". The event was reported in the 'Notes and News' section of the 'Journal of Egyptian Archaeology', vol. 18 parts I and II (May 1932) page 109, recording that over 6000 visitors attended.


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1835
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
  • Henry Salt

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1827
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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