About this object

The pharaoh Amenhotep III commissioned hundreds of large commemorative scarabs inscribed with text recording his glorious deeds. He sent them across Egypt and as far as Syria and Sudan, to let the world know of his achievements. The Museum has three scarabs that pay tribute to the king’s strength and bravery for killing 102 lions in the first ten years of his reign.

The flat base of teh scarab is inscribed with eight lines of hieroglyphic script commemorating the lion-hunts of Amenhotep III. Lines 1 - 5 give full titles and names of Amenhotep III and Tiye. Translation of lines 5 - 6: "number of the lions brought by his majesty in his own shooting, beginning from the year 1 ending at the year 10: Lions fierce, 102". The scarab is pierced longitudinally. On the top of the scarab the elytra is marked. Beneath the legs on both sides is the prenomen of Amenhotep III, Nebmaatre, within a cartouche.

Originally condemned as a 'modern forgery' by Dr Samuel Birch and the Revd. Grenville Chester. Later, in September 1887 it was seen by Prof. Flinders Petrie who corrected the description to 'Lion Hunt Scarab of Amenhotep III and Queen Taia, XVIII dynasty". Professors Newberry and Peet approved this correction.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Personal Object
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    1380 BC (Dynasty 18: Reign of Amenhotep III) about
  • Materials
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    19th Century
  • Measurements
    25 mm x 61 mm x 43 mm
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Collector, previous owner)

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Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
Object view = Humanities
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