About this object

The pharaoh Amenhotep III commissioned hundreds of large commemorative scarabs inscribed with text recording his glorious deeds. He sent them across Egypt and as far as Syria and Sudan, to let the world know of his achievements. The Museum has three scarabs that pay tribute to the king’s strength and bravery for killing 102 lions in the first ten years of his rei

The base is inscribed with eight lines of hieroglyphic script commemorating the lion-hunts of Amenhotep III. Lines 1 - 5 give full titles and names of Amenhotep III and Tiye. Translation of lines 5 - 6: "number of the lions brought by his majesty in his own shooting, beginning from the year 1 ending at the year 10: Lions fierce, 102". The scarab is longitudinally pierced.

Originally condemned as a 'modern forgery' by Dr Samuel Birch and the Revd. Grenville Chester. Later, in September 1887 it was seen by Prof. Flinders Petrie who corrected the description to 'Lion Hunt Scarab of Amenhotep III and Queen Taia, XVIII dynasty". Professors Newberry and Peet approved this correction.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Personal Object
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    1380 BC (Dynasty 18: Reign of Amenhotep III) about
  • Materials
    Steatite
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    19th Century
  • Measurements
    39 mm x 63 mm x 83 mm
  • Related people
    Bram Hertz (Collector, previous owner); Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related

Publications

  • Catalogue of the collection of Assyrian, Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek, Etruscan, Roman, Indian, Peruvian, and Mexican Antiquities formed by B. Hertz now in the possession of Joseph Mayers FSA, MRNSA, FRAS

    Hertz, Bram

    Author: Hertz, Bram
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1857
    Description: 156 page catalogue which lists all the items Mayer acquired from Bram Hertz in 1856.

  • 'More large Commemorative Scarabs of Amenophis III' in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology vol. 62

    Blankenberg-van Delden, C

    Author: Blankenberg-van Delden, C
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1976
    Description:

  • The Large Commemorative Scarabs of Amenhotep III

    Blankenberg-van Delden, C

    Author: Blankenberg-van Delden, C
    Publisher: Brill
    Date: 1969
    Description: Catalogue of commemorative scarabs from the reign of Amenhotep III that includes scarabs from Liverpool's collection.

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1857
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Bram Hertz

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1857
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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