About this object

Mummiform shabti made of blue glazed faience, wearing a plain tripartite wig painted black. The arms are folded above the waist, and the hands hold a pair of hoes. The hands are outlined in black, and the wrists have bracelets painted on them. The arms are also outlined although only very faintly. A wesekh–collar is painted across the chest. A large, rectangular basket with horizontal line detail is carried on the back of the shabti. A pair of water pots, supported on a vertical yoke, are carried behind the right shoulder, and a crook is carried behind the left. The crook is an implement seldom found on shabtis. All of these elements are added in black. The face of the shabti is rounded in shape, and comparatively well modelled. Details of the eyes, brows, and mouth are all painted in black. The body of the shabti has four horizontal bands of a painted inscription, with a vertical column on the back. The owner is named as Tjauiwi, his name being followed by a version of Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead.

Translation of the inscription: The illuminated one, the Osiris, Tjauiwi, justified, he speaks: O, these shabtis, if you are reckoned, to do all the works that are to be done in the realm of the dead – to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    New Kingdom (Ramesside Period)
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    1295 BC - 1186 BC (Dynasty 19)
  • Materials
    Egyptian Faience
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer, 1867
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    19th Century
  • Measurements
    122 mm x 43 mm x 28 mm
  • Note
    Transliteration and translation of the inscription: sHD Wsir TAw-iwi mAa-xrw Dd.f i SAbty ip.(t)w iry Hsb.tw ir r kA[.t] r ir r nb.t m Xr.t-nTr r (s)rwD sx.t r smH.yt wDb.w, "The illuminated one, the Osiris, Tjauiwi, justified, he speaks: O, these shabtis, if you are reckoned, to do all the works that are to be done in the realm of the dead – to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks".
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Collector, previous owner)

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    Date: 1879
    Description: 83 page illustrated catalogue of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Joseph Sams or Lord Valentia collections. The woodcut illustrations were produced by the noted Victorian illustrator and engraver, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 catalogue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text. Much of this information was provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

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Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
Object view = Humanities
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