About this object

Mummiform shabti of the 18th dynasty pharaoh Amenhotep III. The legs and head are lost with remains of a beard still visible. Arms crossed right over left on the chest with hands clenched and the left holds a heqa crook and the right a nekhekh flail carved in high relief. Six vertical columns of incised hieroglyphs picked out in blue give the shabti spell.

Translation of the inscription: [Spell for] causing a shabti to work [for the revered, the Osiris, the King of Upper Egypt, Neb–Maat–Re, justified, in the God’s Land. O gods who are at the side] of the Lord of the Universe and who sit at his orders, remember [me, so that you will pronounce his name, and that you will give him the Evening meal which is at the] forefront; and when you hear all his supplications [in the district of Poker, when he celebrates the Wag–feast.] May one be present for the Osiris, the King of Upper Egypt, Amen–hotep, Ruler of Thebes, justified, [to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks,] to transport by boat the sand of the east [to the west, may one remember the Osiris, the King of Upper Egypt, Neb–Maat–Re, justified] to be present for the Osiris, [Amen–hotep, Ruler of Thebes, justified.]

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date made
    1390 BC - 1352 BC (Dynasty 18: Reign of Amenhotep III)
  • Materials
    Pigment; Egyptian Alabaster
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer, 1867
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes: Valley of the Kings
  • Date collected
    19th Century
  • Measurements
    114 mm x 66 mm x 45 mm
  • Note
    Handcopy of the inscription made by Newberry and Peet on the record card.

    Transliteration and translation of the inscription:
    rdi.t iry SAb.ty kA.t [n imAxy Wsir nsw.t Imn-Htp HqA-WAst mAa-xrw m Xr.t-nTr i nTr.w wnn.w r gs] nb Dr Hmsy r tp-r.f sxA[.tn n wi n dm.tn rn.f di.tn n.f xt xA]wy xnt sDm.tn spr.wt.f nb m [w Pqr ir.f Hb WAg wn].tw Hr Wsir nsw.t Imn-Htp HqA-wAst mAa-xrw [r ssrd sx.t r smH.yt wDb.w] ? r Xnt Say.w n iAb.tt [r imn.tt sxA.tw Wsir nsw.t Imn-Htp HqA-WAst mAa-xrw m bAH] wnn.(t)w Hr Wsir [nsw.t Imn-Htp HqA-WAst mAa-xrw]?, "[Spell for] causing a shabti to work [for the revered, the Osiris, the King of Upper Egypt, Neb–Maat–Re, justified, in the God’s Land. O gods who are at the side] of the Lord of the Universe and who sit at his orders, remember [me, so that you will pronounce his name, and that you will give him the Evening meal which is at the] forefront; and when you hear all his supplications [in the district of Poker, when he celebrates the Wag–feast.] May one be present for the Osiris, the King of Upper Egypt, Amen–hotep, Ruler of Thebes, justified, [to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks,] to transport by boat the sand of the east [to the west, may one remember the Osiris, the King of Upper Egypt, Neb–Maat–Re, justified] to be present for the Osiris, [Amen–hotep, Ruler of Thebes, justified.]"
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Collector, previous owner)

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Publications

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition.

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: Catalogue of most of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Jospeh Sams or Lord Valentia (ex Henry Salt) collections. There are illustrations of some objects, in particular the amulets, by Mr Ll. Jewitt, FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 cataloue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text, provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • The Shabti Collections volume 6: a Selection from World Museum, Liverpool

    Janes, Glenn

    Author: Janes, Glenn
    Publisher: Olicar House Publications
    Date: 2016
    Description: Lavishly illustrated catalogue of inscribed and excavated shabtis from the collection of World Museum, Liverpool, with a six page foreword by the curator, Ashley Cooke, describing the history of the collection . For more details visit the publisher's website: http://www.shabtis.com/liverpoolcatalogue.php

  • Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume I Part 2: The Theban Necropolis. Royal Tombs and Smaller Cemeteries(2nd ed.)

    B. Porter and R. L. B. Moss, assisted by E. W. Burney, now edited by J. Malek

    Author: B. Porter and R. L. B. Moss, assisted by E. W. Burney, now edited by J. Malek
    Publisher: Griffith Institute
    Date: 1999
    Description: Volume I Part 2. The Theban Necropolis. Royal Tombs and Smaller Cemeteries. (2nd ed.) 1999, unchanged reprint of the 1964 edition in hard cover and reduced format. ISBN 0900416 106 Details can be found at the Griffith Institute website: http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/5publ.html

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1839
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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