About this object

Rectangular tablet inscribed in black ink with seven columns of hieroglyphs naming seven oils used in ancient burial rituals, such as the ‘opening of the mouth’ ritual. Beneath each column is a circular depressions which may have held a drop of the oil. From the later Fifth Dynasty small slabs like this were placed in the burial chamber. From right to left the oils named are: setj-heb oil; heknu oil; seftj oil; nekhnem oil; tua oil; hatet ash oil [‘best pine oil’]; hatet tjehenu oild [‘best tjehnu oil’].

Joseph Sams Collection no. 143. Illustrated in Joseph Sams1839 catalogue with the label, "an ancient game on a slab of alabaster" (pl. 24).

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    Old Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    2400 BC - 2200 BC (Dynasty 5 - 6) about
  • Materials
    Egyptian Alabaster
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    1839 before
  • Measurements
    10 mm x 57 mm x 120 mm
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer ( Collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams ( Collector, previous owner)

Explore related


  • Ägyptische Mumien. Unsterblichkeit im Land der Pharaonen

    Landesmuseum Württemberg

    Author: Landesmuseum Württemberg
    Publisher: Philipp von Zabern
    Date: 2007
    Description: Catalogue of the exhibition called "Ägyptische Mumien. Unsterblichkeit im Land der Pharaonen" [Egyptian Mummies. Immortality in the Land of the Pharaohs] held at the Landesmuseum Württember, Germany 7 OCtober 2007 - 24 March 2008.

  • An ointment-slab of Sekhemptah in Göttinger Miszellen vol. 33 (1979) pp. 35-41

    Malek, Jaromir

    Author: Malek, Jaromir
    Publisher: Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie der Universität Göttingen
    Date: 1979

  • Ancient Egypt: objects of antiquity forming part of the extensive and rich collections from Ancient Egypt brought to England by, or now in the possession of, J. Sams

    Sams, Joseph

    Author: Sams, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Sams
    Date: 1839
    Description: This rare book contains images of many objects now in World Museum Liverpool. Most survived the fire that destroyed the museum in 1941, but for those that perished this publication provides one of the only records of their existence. Many objects in Liverpool's Egyptology collection once belonged to Joseph Sams (1784-1860) a Darlington bookseller who visited Egypt and Palestine in 1822-3, bringing back an extensive collection of antiquities. Many were acquired by the British Museum by a Parliamentary grant in 1824. Between 1830 and 1839 Sams purchased objects from the collections of Henry Salt and Charles Bogaert. Much of Sams collection was later purchased by the Liverpool antiquarian Joseph Mayer (1803-1886). In 1867 Mayer donated 14,000 objects to the Liverpool Museum. Scans of some of the book can be found on the University of Heidelberg's website: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/sams1839/0001/thumbs?sid=e8625dd65d2533f48137aec215ade5a8#current_page

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)

    Author: Andrea Davies; Dirk van der Plas (ed)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • The Provincial and Private Collections of Egyptian Antiquities in Great Britain in Recueil de Travaux relatifs a la philologie et a l'archeologie egyptienne et assyriennes. Volume 10

    Edwards, Amelia

    Author: Edwards, Amelia
    Publisher: Libr Honoré Champion
    Date: 1898
    Description: An article by Ameila Edwards of the Egypt Exploration Society published within the journal, 'Recueil de Travaux' edited by Maspero. Edwards describes the provenance of the collection and includes details, including copies of inscriptions for 11 objects. Read the article online at http://archive.org/stream/recueildetravaux10masp#page/120/mode/2up


  • Egyptian Mummies. Immortality in the Land of the Pharaohs

    Start date: 2007-10-07
    End date: 2007-10-07
    Description: An exhibition called "Ägyptische Mumien. Unsterblichkeit im Land der Pharaonen" held at the Landesmuseum Württember, Germany. The Landesmuseum Württemberg is the main historical museum of the Württemberg part of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It emerged from the 16th century “Kunstkammer” of the dukes, later kings, of Württemberg who resided in Stuttgart


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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