About this object

Solid cast copper alloy statuette of Amun as warrior with facial features of Bes. He wears a crown of reeds tied together at the top and a pleated kilt. He is represented walking and in his right hand he holds a mace up to his conical cap. He has a grotesque head, with the mane and ears of a lion, the facial features of Bes, and possibly may represent a mask on Amun’s hidden face.

There is a dedication inscription on all four sides of the rectangular pedestal, dedicated by Nesptah [ns-ptH] son of Wenem(di)amun [wn-m(di.i)imn] and Pesherinetjer [pA.s-Hri-nTr], and the deity is identified as a form of Amun-Ra. This is an exceptional piece that can be compared with a few other known figures. Described by Professor Percy Newberry as being of a "fine technique” and dating to the Saite Period. Described by Joseph Mayer as, "a statue in bronze, of the Egyptian Hercules, in walking position, with his club".

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Late Period
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    664 BC - 525 BC (Dynasty 26) about
  • Materials
    Bronze
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Weston Discovery Centre
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    1820s
  • Measurements
    200 mm x 70 mm x 70 mm; 7 7/8 in x 2 3/4 in x 2 3/4 in
  • Note
    See http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/3pm8sta5.pdf
    For a discussion on this type of figure see, G. A. Wainwright, 'Some Aspects of Amun', JEA 20 (1934), p. 152-3, fig. 9; Compare with Daressy, 'Statues de divinites' (Cairo, 1906), p. 208, pl. XLIII [Cairo 38836]; Compare with F. G. H. Price, 'Notes upon a rare figure of Amen-Re', proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology XXIII (1901), 35-6.
  • Related people
    Charles Bogaert (Previous owner); Jean-Baptiste de Lescluze (Previous owner); Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Previous owner)

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Publications

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition.

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: Catalogue of most of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Jospeh Sams or Lord Valentia (ex Henry Salt) collections. There are illustrations of some objects, in particular the amulets, by Mr Ll. Jewitt, FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 cataloue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text, provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Exhibition Of The Art of Ancient Egypt (Burlington Fine Arts Club)

    Burlington Fine Arts Club

    Author: Burlington Fine Arts Club
    Publisher: Burlington Fine Arts Club
    Date: 1895
    Description: Catalogue of an exhibition held at the Burlington Fine Arts Club in London, 1895.

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Public Museums, Liverpool 4th Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, Thomas Eric
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1932-03
    Description:

  • 'Le catalogue de la collection Ch. Bogaert' in Chronique d'Égypte 51, pp. 47-57

    B. van de Walle

    Author: B. van de Walle
    Publisher: Association Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth
    Date: 1976
    Description: Details of the journal are available online: http://www.aere-egke.be/chronique.fr.htm

  • 'The Egyptian Collection', in Margaret Gibson and Susan Wright (eds). Joseph Mayer of Liverpool 1803-1886

    Shore, A. F.

    Author: Shore, A. F.
    Publisher: Society of Antiquaries in association with National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
    Date: 1988
    Description: Description of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian collection written by A. F. Shore who was Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Unfortunately there are a few errors in the description of objects.

  • Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume VIII: Objects of Provenance Not Known Part 2

    Jaromir Malek, assisted by Diana Magee and Elizabeth Miles

    Author: Jaromir Malek, assisted by Diana Magee and Elizabeth Miles
    Publisher: Griffith Institute
    Date: 1999
    Description: Part 2: Private Statues (Dynasty XVIII to the Roman Period) and Statues of Deities, and Index: to parts 1 and 2. Details can be found at the Griffith Institute website: http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/3staintr.html Some of the publication can be found online: http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/gri/3pm8sta5.pdf

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Charles Bogaert

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Jean-Baptiste de Lescluze

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
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