About this object

Wooden Ptah-Soker-Osiris mummiform figure wearing curled ram horns, sun-disc and plumes. The body is painted black with a wig of dark green, and the details, such as a broad collar, are painted in black, blue, red and green on a yellow ground. A vertical column of hieroglyphic text on the front and back gives the name of the deceased, Nesshutefnut. The figure is pegged into a rectangular base of painted wood, facing a model coffin which is also pegged into the base. On the sides of the coffin are tiny painted figures protective deities including the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. Originally there was a figure of a jackal pegged to the lid of the model coffin but this is now missing. The model coffin is hollow and possibly intended to contain papyrus text or a small fragment of the body of the deceased. Between the coffin and the foot of the standing figure the name, parentage and titles of the deceased, Nesshutefnut (also called Ruru).

The mummy and coffin of Nesshutefnut (also known as Ruru) prophet of Khonsu, prophet of Horus, son of Iyhor and Teni, were found at Hissayeh in Upper Egypt during excavations undertaken there by Professor John Garstang and Harold Jones in February/March 1905. In the same tomb were a painted wooden stele, a canopic chest and a Ptah-Soker-Osiris figure. An unpublished photograph shows the relative position of the contents of the rock-cut tomb when it was opened. The coffin was lying against the side wall with the Ptah-Soker-Osiris figure close to the right of the head. Between the Ptah-Soker-Osiris figure and the canopic chest was the stela.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hissayeh
  • Date made
    About 332 BC
  • Materials
    Paint; Wood; Gesso
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Presented by the General Committee of the Institute of Archaeology, Liverpool
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hissayeh
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    645 mm x 141 mm x 337 mm
  • Related people

Where is this object from?

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  • Liverpool Excavations at Hissayeh, 1905

    Start date: 1905-02
    End date: 1905-02
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Egyptian Excavations Committee and the Institute of Archaeology in 1905. Hissayeh is a cemetery about 15 km south of Edfu in Upper Egypt. In a fieldwork report to members of the excavation committee, dated 5th March 1905, Prof. John Garstang records that towards the end of February his assistant, Mr Harold Jones, took a tent, 80 men and equipment to Hissayeh. Garstang had already examined the site and had found it to be very much plundered. On page 4 of his report he notes, “It seemed, however, desirable to look over the necropolis carefully to make sure it was exhausted and to ascertain anything possible concerning its history. Few tombs of the Ptolemaic character proved to have escaped plunder and in one of them Mr Jones found attached to a mummy a hieroglyphic papyrus. (I consequently joined him in camp at Hissayeh where we are now). The papyrus is a nice roll in good condition. The text is well written and the illustrations in pen and ink apparently without colour. It seems to be The Book of the Dead but I have not dealt with it yet. Another was found two days ago, unfortunately flat, and difficult to preserve. Some small wooden objects (2 stelae) and one or two good wooden sarcophagi, modelled to human shape and decorated with scenes of ritual and religion have been found. Also some excellent pottery."


Previous owners

  • Liverpool University

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1905-12-13
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Harold [Ernest] Jones

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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