About this object

Granite pyramidion from a small pyramid built above the tomb of Neferronpet, a High Priest of Memphis and vizier of Ramesses II. The object is inscribed on four sides with sunk hieroglyphs in three columns. One side indicates that the pyramidion/tomb was made by his son Bakenptah. Two corners were damaged by fire in 1941. Notes by Professor Kenneth Kitchen: "Neferronpet's mother, Qafriati, bears a foreign name, of not-wholly-clear origin...I find two possibilities: Gofrit, 'Brimstone' (a fiery lady?); Gafrit, 'female heart' (relying on an Arabic cognate of Hebrew Oper).

Translation of text by Professor Kenneth Kitchen of the University of Liverpool:

Side 1: The Osiris, Noble in charge of the Two Lands, Prefect and Vizier, Neferronpet, born of the lady of the house, Qafriati, and son of the dignitary Neferronpet, justified.

Side 2: The Osiris, High Priest (of Ptah), and sem-priest, Neferronpet, justified; his daughter, Inuhayet, justified; and his daughter, Taweret-khati.

Side 3: Unveil your face, see the Lord of the Horizon, O Prefect and Vizier, Neferronpet! (And) his daughter, Musician of the Lady of the Sycamore, Res(et); his daughter, Henutmeter, justified.

Side 4: Made by his son, who perpetuates his name, the God's Father of Ptah, Bakenptah, son of the Prefect and Vizier, Neferronpet, and born of Mutpipu.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    New Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphite Necropolis: Saqqara
  • Date made
    1279 - 1213 BC (Dynasty 19)
  • Materials
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphite Necropolis: Saqqara
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    460 mm x 330 mm x 290 mm x 56 kg
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related


  • Ancient Egypt: objects of antiquity forming part of the extensive and rich collections from Ancient Egypt brought to England by, or now in the possession of, J. Sams

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    Date: 1839
    Description: This rare book contains images of many objects now in World Museum Liverpool. Most survived the fire that destroyed the museum in 1941, but for those that perished this publication provides one of the only records of their existence. Many objects in Liverpool's Egyptology collection once belonged to Joseph Sams (1784-1860) a Darlington bookseller who visited Egypt and Palestine in 1822-3, bringing back an extensive collection of antiquities. Many were acquired by the British Museum by a Parliamentary grant in 1824. Between 1830 and 1839 Sams purchased objects from the collections of Henry Salt and Charles Bogaert. Much of Sams collection was later purchased by the Liverpool antiquarian Joseph Mayer (1803-1886). In 1867 Mayer donated 14,000 objects to the Liverpool Museum. Scans of some of the book can be found on the University of Heidelberg's website: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/sams1839/0001/thumbs?sid=e8625dd65d2533f48137aec215ade5a8#current_page

  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition.

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    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: Catalogue of most of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Jospeh Sams or Lord Valentia (ex Henry Salt) collections. There are illustrations of some objects, in particular the amulets, by Mr Ll. Jewitt, FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 cataloue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text, provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

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    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1932-03

  • Hieroglyphisches Namen-Wörterbuch (reprint)

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    Author: Lieblein, Jens Daniel Carolus
    Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag
    Date: 1891
    Description: Reprint of a book first published in 1891

  • 'Le catalogue de la collection Ch. Bogaert' in Chronique d'Égypte 51, pp. 47-57

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    Author: B. van de Walle
    Publisher: Association Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth
    Date: 1976
    Description: Details of the journal are available online: http://www.aere-egke.be/chronique.fr.htm

  • Les pyramidions égyptiens du Nouvel Empire

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    Author: Rammant-Peeters, Agnes
    Publisher: Peeters
    Date: 1983

  • Ramesside Inscriptions: Historical and Biographical. Volume 3

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    Author: Kitchen, Kenneth Anderson
    Publisher: B. H. Blackwell Ltd.
    Date: 1968
    Description: 8 volume publication of Ramesside inscriptions by Kenneth Kitchen, Brunner Professor of Egyptology at Liverpool University.

  • 'The Egyptian Collection', in Margaret Gibson and Susan Wright (eds). Joseph Mayer of Liverpool 1803-1886

    Shore, A. F.

    Author: Shore, A. F.
    Publisher: Society of Antiquaries in association with National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
    Date: 1988
    Description: Description of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian collection written by A. F. Shore who was Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Unfortunately there are a few errors in the description of objects.

  • 'The Provincial and Private Collections of Egyptian Antiquities in Great Britain' in Recueil de Travaux relatifs a la philologie et a l'archeologie egyptienne et assyriennes. Volume 10

    Edwards, Amelia

    Author: Edwards, Amelia
    Publisher: Libr. Honoré Champion
    Date: 1898
    Description: An article by Ameila Edwards of the Egypt Exploration Society published within the journal, 'Recueil de Travaux' edited by Maspero. Edwards describes the provenance of the collection and includes details, including copies of inscriptions for 11 objects. Read the article online at http://archive.org/stream/recueildetravaux10masp#page/120/mode/2up

  • Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings Volume III Part 2 (complete): Memphis. Saqqâra to Dahshûr

    B. Porter and R. L. B. Moss, assisted by E. W. Burney, now edited by J. Malek

    Author: B. Porter and R. L. B. Moss, assisted by E. W. Burney, now edited by J. Malek
    Publisher: Griffith Institute
    Date: 1979
    Description: This is Volume III Part 2 (complete). Memphis. Saqqâra to Dahshûr. Hardback, pp. xxxvi + 622 + 36 pp. of maps and plans. (2nd ed.) 2003, unchanged reprint of the 1981 edition in hard cover and reduced format. ISBN 0 900416 238. More information is available online: http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/topbib.html


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1839
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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