About this object

A fragment of a shabti wearing a triangular projecting apron, the dress of daily life. Little remains except pleating of the tunic to the left hand side of the dorsal pillar, and the front of the lower part of the apron. The dorsal pillar and front of the apron has vertical columns of an incised inscription filled with white pigment. The owner is named as Pa–nehem. The fragment is recorded as coming from Abydos, North Cemeteries, Cemetery D, tomb 44. This site was excavated by Arthur Mace in 1899–1890.

Translation of the inscription: The illuminated one, the Osiris, the Scribe, Pa–nehem, he speaks: O, these shabtis, if one counts, if one reckons, to do all works that are to be done there in the realm of the dead – to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks, to transport by boat sand of the east to the west, ‘here I am,’ the Scribe, Pa–nehem, justified.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    New Kingdom (Ramesside Period)
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Abydos
  • Date made
    1279 BC - 1213 BC (Dynasty 19: Reign of Ramesses II)
  • Materials
    Wood
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the Committee of the Egypt Exploration Fund, 1900
  • Collector
    Egypt Exploration Society
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Abydos: Cemetery D
  • Date collected
    1900
  • Measurements
    150 mm x 31 mm x 45 cm
  • Note
    Transliteration and translation of the inscription:

    Front: [Wsir] sS PA-nHm mAa-xrw, "[The Osiris], the Scribe, Pa–nehem, justified".

    Back: sHD Wsir sS PA-nHm Dd.f i SAb.ty ipn iry ip.tw ir Hsb.tw r ir.t kA.t nb.[t] ir r m Xr.t-nTr srwD sx.t r smH.y wDb.w r Hn[.t] Say n iAb.tt [r] imn.tt r iry m.k kA<.k> sS PA-nHm mAa-xrw, "The illuminated one, the Osiris, the Scribe, Pa–nehem, he speaks: O, these shabtis, if one counts, if one reckons, to do all works that are to be done there in the realm of the dead – to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks, to transport by boat sand of the east to the west, ‘here I am,’ the Scribe, Pa–nehem, justified".
  • Related people
    Egypt Exploration Society (Collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related

Publications

  • El Amrah and Abydos 1899-1901

    Randall-MacIver, David and Mace, Arthur Cruttenden

    Author: Randall-MacIver, David and Mace, Arthur Cruttenden
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1902
    Description: Publication of the Egypt Exploration Society excavations at cemeteries in the Abydos and el Amrah region. With a chapter by F. Ll. Griffith.

  • The Shabti Collections volume 6: a Selection from World Museum, Liverpool

    Janes, Glenn

    Author: Janes, Glenn
    Publisher: Olicar House Publications
    Date: 2016
    Description: Lavishly illustrated catalogue of inscribed and excavated shabtis from the collection of World Museum, Liverpool, with a six page foreword by the curator, Ashley Cooke, describing the history of the collection . For more details visit the publisher's website: http://www.shabtis.com/liverpoolcatalogue.php

Events

  • Egypt Exploration Fund Excavations at Abydos 1899 - 1904

    Start date: 1899
    End date: 1899
    Description: Excavations directed by Flinders Petrie at Abydos for the Egypt Exploration Fund. The museum provided financial sponsorship towards the costs and received a share of the finds that the Egyptian authorities allowed to be exported outside of Egypt. The museum subscribed to the 1899-1900 excavations and received 179 finds that were accessioned on 24 September 1900, accession series 24.9.00.56-126 (mainly Early Dynastic finds from the Royal Tombs...) The museum subscribed to the 1900-1901 excavations and received 114 finds that were accessioned on 14 October 1901, accession series 14.10.01.1-53 (mainly Early Dynastic finds from the Royal Tombs but also Middle Kingdom finds from tombs D79 and D81). The museum subscribed to the 1901-1902 Abydos excavations and received 57 finds that were accessioned on 16 September 1902, accession series 16.9.02.1-57 (...)

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Egypt Exploration Society

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1900
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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