About this object

Round-topped red granite stela of Hotep and Khnumu in excellent condition with six rows of finely carved hieroglyphs. The top line gives the name of two brothers - one name reads left to right (the steward Khnumu), and the other name reads right to left (the steward Hotep). After a standard offering formula the text names their mother as Satkhnumhotep (Ranke 293, 1). The lower register shows three men walking, facing right, all carrying a walking stick in right hand a kherep-scepter in left hand. They are Khnumu and Hotep, and the central figure, with a small beard, is most likely to be their grandfather who is believed to be mentioned in the final line.

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
    Middle Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    About 1985 - 1795 BC (Dynasty 12)
  • Materials
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    950 mm x 570 mm x 350 mm x 414 kg
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related


  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition.

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: Catalogue of most of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Jospeh Sams or Lord Valentia (ex Henry Salt) collections. There are illustrations of some objects, in particular the amulets, by Mr Ll. Jewitt, FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 cataloue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text, provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • Handbook and Guide to the Egyptian Collection on Exhibition in the Main Hall of the Museums, Liverpool. 1st Edition

    Newberry, Percy; Peet, T E

    Author: Newberry, Percy; Peet, T E
    Publisher: City of Liverpool Public Museums
    Date: 1923

  • 'The Egyptian Collection', in Margaret Gibson and Susan Wright (eds). Joseph Mayer of Liverpool 1803-1886

    Shore, A. F.

    Author: Shore, A. F.
    Publisher: Society of Antiquaries in association with National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
    Date: 1988
    Description: Description of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian collection written by A. F. Shore who was Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Unfortunately there are a few errors in the description of objects.

  • The Hieroglyph Detective

    Strudwick, Nigel

    Author: Strudwick, Nigel
    Publisher: Duncan Baird
    Date: 2010

  • 'The Provincial and Private Collections of Egyptian Antiquities in Great Britain' in Recueil de Travaux relatifs a la philologie et a l'archeologie egyptienne et assyriennes. Volume 10

    Edwards, Amelia

    Author: Edwards, Amelia
    Publisher: Libr. Honoré Champion
    Date: 1898
    Description: An article by Ameila Edwards of the Egypt Exploration Society published within the journal, 'Recueil de Travaux' edited by Maspero. Edwards describes the provenance of the collection and includes details, including copies of inscriptions for 11 objects. Read the article online at http://archive.org/stream/recueildetravaux10masp#page/120/mode/2up


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1839
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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