About this object

Deep turquoise-blue moulded faience figurine of a dwarfish demon, Aha or Bes, with details added in black under the glaze. The protruding ears with mane are marked by black lines. The brow projects, and both eyes, brows and pupils are emphasised in thick lines of black pigment. The nose and mouth are not touched up with paint; consequently their shape is indistinct under the thick glaze, but the nose appears extremely broad and flat. There is little detailed modelling of body and limbs. The figure is pot bellied, with protruding buttocks; both arms and legs are chubby and appear abnormally short, and there is no sign of genitalia. The hands are clenched and rest on the hips. Toe and finger nails, nipples and navel, the tip of the tail and the underside of the rectangular base are all painted black. The legs are bent to suggest movement, possibly dancing. From grave 275.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Second Intermediate Period
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Esna
  • Date made
    1650 BC - 1550 BC
  • Materials
    Egyptian Faience
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Bequest of Lt. Col. John Raymond Danson
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Esna
  • Date collected
    1906
  • Measurements
    90 mm x 45 mm x 35 mm
  • Note
    Compare with a similar figure of Aha-Bes in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, USA: Regine Schulz et al., Egyptian Art The Walters Art Museum (London, 2009), p.54.
  • Related people
    Edith Danson (Previous owner); Francis Chatillon Danson (Previous owner); John Raymond Danson (Previous owner); John Burges Eustace Garstang (Previous owner); Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology (Collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related

Publications

  • Catalogue of Exhbition of Egyptian Antiquities

    Author:
    Publisher: Institute of Archaeology, University of Liverpool
    Date: 1906
    Description: Catalogue of Exhbition of Egyptian Antiquities Inaugrated July 10th, 1906, by the Right Hon. The Earl of Derby, K.G., G.C.B., LL.D. Held by Courtesy of the Chairman of the Museums Committee and the Director of the Museums in the Upper Transept of the Lord Derby Museum, Public Museums, Liverpool. July 10th - 26th, 1906.

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • 'Museum Acquisitions, 1978' in the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology vol. 66

    Bourriau, Janine (editor)

    Author: Bourriau, Janine (editor)
    Publisher: Egypt Exploraration Society
    Date: 1980
    Description: A list of Egyptian antiquities acquired in 1978 by museums in the United Kingdom. The article contains a complete list of the Danson collection of Egyptian antiquities acquired by World Museum in 1977.

  • Pharaohs and Mortals. Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom

    Bourriau, Janine

    Author: Bourriau, Janine
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Date: 1988
    Description: Written as a catalogue for an exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 19 April - 16 June 1988 and at World Museum, Liverpool, 18 July to 4 September 1988. This book is also an introduction to the sculpture, painting, jewellery, ceramics, calligraphy, literature and metalwork from the Middle Kingdom period of Ancient Egypt 2023-1650BC. Every item is illustrated.

  • The Excavations at Esna 1905 - 1906

    Downes, Dorothy

    Author: Downes, Dorothy
    Publisher: Aris and Phillips Ltd
    Date: 1974
    Description: Publication of Professor John Garstang's excavations at Esna based on archives kept in the Garstang Museum of Archaeology, the University of Liverpool. The book is based on a University of Liverpool Ph.D. manuscript by Dr Dorothy Downes who was a former Keeper of Archaeology at Liverpool Museum. The publication brings together Garstang's unpublished photographs, notebooks and individual tomb record cards made by his assistant, Mr Harold Jones. The book includes many objects from both Liverpool collections (World Museum and the Garstang Museum of Archaeology).

Events

  • Liverpool Excavations at Esna 1905-1906

    Start date: 1905
    End date: 1905
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Egyptian Excavations Committee and the Institute of Archaeology during 1905 - 1906. The cemetery is near 'Hagar Esna' about 4 km to the north west of Esna town, on the west bank of the Nile. Garstang inspected the site in 1904 and was convinced that it was important and unless excavation was undertaken as soon as possible very little would survive the systematic plundering which was flourishing at that time. The first season of work lasted from March to early May 1905 and was conducted by Garstang's assistant, Harold Jones, while Garstang was busy at the site of Hierakonpolis and at Dakke. A second season began in January 1906 and continued for 5 weeks working with 100 Egyptian workmen. again the work was mainly directed by Jones, while Garstang continued his work in Nubia, at Dakke and Koshtamneh. After leaving Esna Garstang and Jones moved on to concentrate on the excavation at Abydos. The Garstang Museum of Archaeology (Liverpool University) hold 110 glass negatives, antiquities and field notes from the excavations. BIBLIOGRAPHY: John Garstang, Excavations at Hierakonpolis, at Esna and in Nubia. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 8 (1907) pp. 132-148. Dorothy Downes, The excavations at Esna, 1905-1906. (Warminster, 1974).

  • Pharaohs and Mortals: Egyptian Art in the Middle Kingdom

    Start date: 1988-04-19
    End date: 1988-04-19
    Description: An exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 19 April to 16 June 1988 and at World Museum, Liverpool, 18 July to 4 September 1988.

  • An Exhibition of Egyptian Antiquities Recently Discovered in Egypt and Nubia by Mr John Garstang and Mr E. Harold Jones

    Start date: 1906-07-10
    End date: 1906-07-10
    Description: A 17 day exhibition of antiquities excavated between 1905-6 from sites including, Abydos, Esna, Hierakonpolis and Kostamneh. The event was held in what is now the World Cultures Gallery at World Museum. A 4 page exhibition catalogue was published by the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology. The exhibition was inaugrated July 10th, 1906, by the Right Hon. The Earl of Derby, K.G., G.C.B., LL.D. and included antiquities belonging to the committee members of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology: Ralph Brocklebank, Esq., The Rt. Hon. Sir J. T. Brunner, Bart., M.P., F. C. Danson, Esq., J.P., Wm. Johnston Esq., Rev. W. MacGregor, M.A., John Rankin Esq., The Lady Amherst of Hackney, Theodore M. Davies Esq., Dr H. O. Forbes and Jesse Haworth Esq. The full title is taken from the exhibition catalogue:'An Exhibition of Egyptian Antiquities Recently Discovered in Egypt and Nubia by Mr John Garstang and Mr E. Harold Jones, Under the Patronage of the Egyptian Excavations Committee of the University Institute of Archaeology'.

Ownership

Previous owners

  • John Burges Eustace Garstang

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Francis Chatillon Danson

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1926-07-03
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Edith Danson

    Owned from: 1926-07-03
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1950-08-03
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • John Raymond Danson

    Owned from: 1950-08-03
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1976-06-18
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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