About this object

Mummy of an adult male called Padiamunnebnesuttauwy, who was a wab-priest of Amun in mid to late 7th Century BC. The general condition of the mummy is good. The outer shroud is held in place by broad retaining bandages which almost envelop the head, and which cross at the waist, pelvis and knees. There is slight damage to the outer wrappings just above the knee. The bandages are intact if loose in places, with bloom on the surface in some places. The mummy is dated by association with the style and inscriptions of the coffin it was kept in (M14049).The mummy was X-rayed by PHK Gray in November 1966 and the interpretation of the radiograph images below is taken from the 1968 publication of the study:

There are no obvious fractures. The mouth is slightly gaping but all teeth appear to be present. An oval object with a dense margin appears to have been inserted into the left orbit, presumably some form of artificial eye. The right orbit is a trifle more obscured, but there is a suggestion of a similar object lying here. The cervical spine appears intact.

The ribs and spinal column are within normal limits, and there is no evidence of spinal arthritis or opacification of the intervertebral disc spaces. There is, however, calcification of the lower costal cartilages. The diffuse opacity surrounding the lumbar spine must represent packing material or visceral remnants, more likely the latter. Two unwrapped mummies of males in the Anatomy Department, Cambridge University, both of which have retained body hair on the chest, arms, legs etc have neither been eviscerated nor had their brains removed. Radiographs of the abdomen of both specimens reveal an opacity almost identical in appearance to that shown in Liverpool 15, so it is possible that this mummy has not been eviscerated either. The two mummies in Cambridge are late, and probably date from the Roman period.

The pelvis bones and joints appear normal. Arms are extended. The palms of the hands, with fingers extended, cover the genital region. No fractures or dislocations seen. The legs appear normal, with no fractures, dislocations or lines of arrested growth seen.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Animal Remains
  • Culture
    Late Period
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date made
    7th Century BC (Dynasty 25 BC - 26) mid - 7th Century BC (Dynasty 25 BC - 26) late
  • Materials
    Human Body Part; Textile
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Thebes
  • Date collected
  • Measurements
    270 mm x 350 mm x 1690 mm
  • Note
    Obtained by Sams in Egypt 1832-3 or perhaps later from an auction before 1839. The mummy was within coffin M14049 though later placed within coffin M13999 in error. The mummy was X Rayed in 1967 and CT scanned on 3 February 2008. Radiographs of the abdomen reveal an opacity, so it is possible that this mummy has not been eviscerated.
    For the name see Ranke, Personennamen, I, p. 122, no. 6 [pA-dj-jmn-nb-ns.wt-tw.wj]
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

Explore related


  • Catalogue of the Egyptian Museum, No. VII, Colquitt Street, Liverpool

    Mayer, Joseph

    Author: Mayer, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Mayer
    Date: 1852
    Description: Joseph Mayer published a catalogue of his collection in 1852, whilst it was at his Egyptian Museum in Colquitt Street. This is before he donated his collection to the Liverpool Free Public Museums in 1867 so his entries do not include the accession numbers that the objects now bear.

  • Egyptian Mummies in the City of Liverpool Museums

    Peter Gray and Dorothy Slow

    Author: Peter Gray and Dorothy Slow
    Publisher: Liverpool Corporation
    Date: 1968
    Description: Results of 1967 X Rays of the mummies in Liverpool Museum (now World Museum).

  • Prepared for Eternity: A study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies

    Loynes, Robert

    Author: Loynes, Robert
    Publisher: Archaeopress
    Date: 2015
    Description: This publication brings together personal analyses of sixty CT scans of ancient Egyptian human mummies collected from many museums throughout the UK and continental Europe, including eight from World Museum, Liverpool. The effect is that of performing ‘virtual autopsies’ (‘virtopsies’) allowing techniques of mummification to be examined. The historical age of the mummies ranges from the Middle Kingdom to the Roman Period. Several new observations are made regarding the preparation of mummies and confirmation of previously described themes is tempered by the observation of variations probably indicating individual workshop practices. The work presents a springboard for further detailed research on the subject.


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1839
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1833
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1839
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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