About this object

Mummiform shabti wearing a striated tripartite wig, and a plaited divine beard which is curled at the tip. The arms are crossed right over left on the chest, and the hands emerge from a shroud to hold a hoe in the right, and a pick in the left. The left hand also holds the twisted rope for a basket that is carried behind the left shoulder. The face is very finely worked, and with the mouth wearing the gentle smile typical for shabtis of this period. The figure is supported by a dorsal pillar, and stands upon a trapezoidal base. The shabti has nine horizontal bands of incised inscription. The owner is named as Psamtek, born to Seba–rekhyt, followed by Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead.

Translation of the inscription: O these shabtis, if one counts off the Osiris, the God’s Father, Psamtek, born to Seb–rekhyt, to do all the works to be done there in the realm of the dead – one implants obstacles there – as a man at his duties, ‘here I am,’ you shall say at any time to serve there, to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks, to ferry the sand of the west to the east and vice–versa; ‘here I am,’you shall say.

Ex collection of Sir J. Currie (no. 65) donated by D. H. Hanbury in 1941.

Psamtek was the son of a woman named Sebarekhyt (a name that could be translated as 'star of the common people'. The shabti was removed from modern wooden plinth in 2008 for display (with number 65 on the front).

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Late Period
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphite Necropolis: Saqqara
  • Date made
    664 BC - 525 BC (Dynasty 26)
  • Materials
    Egyptian Faience
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Purchased from the collections of Norwich Castle Museum, 1956
  • Collector
    James Currie
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Memphite Necropolis: Saqqara
  • Date collected
    1937 before
  • Measurements
    185 mm x 59 mm x 39 mm
  • Note
    Transliteration and translation of the inscription: i wSb.ty ipn ir ip.tw Wsir it-nTr psmTk ms n sbA-rxyt r ir(.t) kA.t nb(.t) ir.t n im m Xr.t-nTr iw.tw Hw sDb.w im m s r Xr.t.f m.k w(i) kA.tn r nw nb ir(.t) im r srwD sx.t r smH.y wDb.w r Xn.t Say n imn.tt r iAb.tt Ts pXr m.k w(i) k(A).tn, "O these shabtis, if one counts off the Osiris, the God’s Father, Psamtek, born to Seb–rekhyt, to do all the works to be done there in the realm of the dead – one implants obstacles there – as a man at his duties, ‘here I am,’ you shall say at any time to serve there, to cultivate the fields, to irrigate the river banks, to ferry the sand of the west to the east and vice–versa; ‘here I am,’you shall say".
  • Related people
    J W Currie (Collector); James Currie (Collector, previous owner); Daniel H Hanbury (Previous owner); Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery (Previous owner)

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Publications

  • The Shabti Collections volume 6: a Selection from World Museum, Liverpool

    Janes, Glenn

    Author: Janes, Glenn
    Publisher: Olicar House Publications
    Date: 2016
    Description: Lavishly illustrated catalogue of inscribed and excavated shabtis from the collection of World Museum, Liverpool, with a six page foreword by the curator, Ashley Cooke, describing the history of the collection . For more details visit the publisher's website: http://www.shabtis.com/liverpoolcatalogue.php

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery

    Owned from: 1941
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1956
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Daniel H Hanbury

    Owned from: 1937
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1941
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • James Currie

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1937
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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