About this object

Carved limestone stela of Senusret. Framed on three sides by a torus moulding and is crowned at the top by a cavetto cornice. Divided into two registers, with the upper part containing five horizontal lines of hieroglyphs. The lower register has a representation of Senusret with his arms raised in adoration before Min-Hor. Senuret wears a short under-kilt with a long over-kilt and a broad collar necklace. Min-Hor is represented as a mummiform human figure with an erect penis, wearing a low crown surmounted by two plumes and a long ribbon trailing behind him and his right hand is raised as if in a smiting gesture, whilst simultaneously a flail is poised above his hand.

Lines 1 and 2 of the top register record the expression of Senusret’s wish that the gods, Min-Hor the Strong, Osiris, Geb and the Divine Ennead of Abydos will make offerings for him in a 1000 portions, each of the commonest commodities. Line 3 is an ‘appeal to the living’ in which Senusret hails passers by, appeals to their piety and makes a request for offerings. The four vertical lines of hieroglyphs within the bottom register are read left to right. The first line is a continuation of the 5th line of the top register (reads: Senusret the justified). The next three lines serve as a caption for the scene and read: “Senusret the justified, the vizier’s reporter, adoring Min-Hor the strong during his processions”.

The object was damaged in a fire in World War Two and cleaned using laser technology in 2008.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Middle Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Abydos
  • Date made
    1773 BC - 1650 BC (Dynasty 13 early) about
  • Materials
    Limestone
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Abydos
  • Date collected
    1850
  • Measurements
    660 mm x 380 mm x 80 mm
  • Note
    One of five stelae known for Senusret, reporter of the vizier: 3 in Louvre, several more in Vienna. See W K Simpson, Terrace, pl. 70-71, p. 24. Assigned to Abydos North Offering Chapel 52; For a discussion about the title see S Quirke, 'Titles and Bureaux of Egypt', pp. 87-88.
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Associated Person, collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Collector, previous owner)

Where is this object from?

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Publications

  • Ancient Egypt: objects of antiquity forming part of the extensive and rich collections from Ancient Egypt brought to England by, or now in the possession of, J. Sams

    Sams, Joseph

    Author: Sams, Joseph
    Publisher: Joseph Sams
    Date: 1839
    Description: This rare book contains images of many objects now in World Museum Liverpool. Most survived the fire that destroyed the museum in 1941, but for those that perished this publication provides one of the only records of their existence. Many objects in Liverpool's Egyptology collection once belonged to Joseph Sams (1784-1860) a Darlington bookseller who visited Egypt and Palestine in 1822-3, bringing back an extensive collection of antiquities. Many were acquired by the British Museum by a Parliamentary grant in 1824. Between 1830 and 1839 Sams purchased objects from the collections of Henry Salt and Charles Bogaert. Much of Sams collection was later purchased by the Liverpool antiquarian Joseph Mayer (1803-1886). In 1867 Mayer donated 14,000 objects to the Liverpool Museum. Scans of some of the book can be found on the University of Heidelberg's website: http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/sams1839/0001/thumbs?sid=e8625dd65d2533f48137aec215ade5a8#current_page

  • Egyptian Treasures in Europe volume 4: National Museums & Galleries on Merseyside, Liverpool

    Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)

    Author: Andrea Davies and Dirk van der Plas (ed.)
    Publisher: Utrecht University
    Date: 2001
    Description: CD ROM with 1500 objects from World Museum's Egyptian collection, including some destroyed in World War Two. This is now available online: http://www.globalegyptianmuseum.org/default.aspx

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1850
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donated
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: 1839
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1850
    Disposal method: Sold
Object view = Humanities
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