About this object

Miniature hafted axe. Found in a linen bag (55.82.24) within a model granary in the tomb of Nefwa (no. 186).
Paper label with the number 99 stuck to the wooden handle.

Was on loan to the museum from the University of Liverpool 1912 - 2000.
Compare with the group of model tools found in a bag in the tomb of Nefery, no.116 (now in Cairo Museum) 'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt' fig. 66, p. 77-78; also see comparison in Mogens Jorgensen, Tomb Treasures from Ancient Egypt (Copenhagen, 2002), pp. 36-7.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Model
  • Culture
    Middle Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date made
    2055 BC - 1773 BC (Dynasty 11 - 12) about
  • Materials
    Bronze; Wood
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the University of Liverpool, 2000
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date collected
    1902 - 1904
  • Measurements
    32 mm x 102 mm x 8 mm
  • Related people

Where is this object from?

Explore related

Publications

  • Gifts of The Nile: Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts in Liverpool Museum

    Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela

    Author: Bienkowski, Piotr; Tooley, Angela
    Publisher: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
    Date: 1995
    Description: A 130 page illustrated book that focuses on the Egyptian antiquities in World Museum's collections to provide a colourful introduction to the land and its culture in the Pharaonic period. An appendix explains the history of the collection and includes information about the Lady Lever Art Gallery Egyptian collection, which is also part of National Museums Liverpool.

  • The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as Illustrated by Tombs of the Middle Kingdom being a Report of Excavations made in the Necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4.

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
    Date: 1907
    Description: John Garstang's account of his excavations of the lower cemetery at Beni Hassan during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04 (250p, 231 b/w illus). A 34 page appendix gives an inventory of most objects found within the tombs and has reference to where some objects were located at the time of publication. Those marked as being at Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology are now either in 2 museums in Liverpool: World Museum or the Garstang Museum of Archaeology.

Events

  • Liverpool Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-1904

    Start date: 1902
    End date: 1902
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Beni Hasan Excavation Committee during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04. In the lower cemetery, below the large rock-cut tombs of the high-officials, 1000 undecorated shaft tombs dating to the early Middle Kingdom contained tomb equipment such as coffins, pottery and wooden funerary models. Garstang's report includes a discussion of the artefacts and detailed descriptions of 4 intact tombs. Also included is a description of some earlier Old Kingdom burials and some tombs of the Third Intermediate Period (and later) at the southern end of the site, near Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar). The bulk of World Museum's Beni Hasan collection came direct from the university following the end of the excavations and after World War Two to replace those destroyed by enemy action in the war. Some other artefacts came from John Garstang's private collection, Norwich Castle Museum, Wellcome Historical Museum and Rossall School (Fleetwood, Lancashire). Bibliography John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-3'. Man 3 (1903) pp. 97-98 & 129-130. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan in Upper Egypt (Second season)'. Man 4 (1904) pp. 97-99. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902-1903-1904)'. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 5 (1904) pp.215-227;. John Garstang,'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as illustrated by tombs of the Middle Kingdom; being a report on excavations made in the necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4. (London, 1907).

Ownership

Previous owners

  • University of Liverpool

    Owned from: 1904
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 2000
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Beni Hasan Excavation Committee

    Owned from: 1902
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1904
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • John Burges Eustace Garstang

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
No media found
Have 20 place tagsPage load time: 140 ms