About this object

Strip of a textile bandage from the mummy of Hpw son of tA-xAaw inscribed with portions of chapters 88 and 89 from the Book of the Dead and parts of two other chapters. Hieratic writing in black ink with red ink at the beginning of each line and three vignettes. Chapter 88 is the spell for being transformed into a crocodile and is illustrated by a vignette of a standing crocodile. Probably from around near the end of the Late Period or the Ptolemaic Period.

Ex. Sams Collection p. 63 nos. 280-1

Object specifics

  • Type
  • Culture
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date made
    332 BC - 30 BC about
  • Materials
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Joseph Mayer
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Date collected
    19th Century
  • Measurements
    170 mm x 270 mm
  • Related people
    Joseph Mayer (Collector, previous owner); Joseph Sams (Previous owner)

Explore related


  • Catalogue of the Mayer Collection Part 1. The Egyptian, Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities. Second and Revised Edition

    Gatty, Charles

    Author: Gatty, Charles
    Publisher: The Committee of the Liverpool Free Public Library, Museum and Gallery of Art
    Date: 1879
    Description: 83 page illustrated catalogue of Joseph Mayer's Egyptian and Near Eastern collection that was on display. It also includes a small number of other collections, such as those given by Mr William Crosfield in 1861, some by Mr Charles Stoess in 1869, and others by Mr J. A. Tinne in 1870. Occasionally reference will be made to the provenance of objects, in particular if they are from the Joseph Sams or Lord Valentia collections. The woodcut illustrations were produced by the noted Victorian illustrator and engraver, Llewellynn Frederick William Jewitt FSA. Compared to Mayer's 1852 catalogue there are more detailed descriptions for inscribed objects such as stelae, giving names and titles and the character of the text. Much of this information was provided by Samuel Birch of the British Museum who visited the collections in March 1877.

  • 'Varia' in Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde vol. 10 (1872)

    Birch, Samuel

    Author: Birch, Samuel
    Publisher: Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft
    Date: 1872
    Description: Available online https://archive.org/details/zeitschriftfr10brug


Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Joseph Sams

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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