About this object

Modern copies of three trapezoid-shaped gold spacer beads from a collar. Inscribed on both faces in Egyptian hieroglyphs, with no two inscriptions alike. Two are inscribed for King Aramatalqo and the other for King Malonaqen. Each are perforated through the width with seven holes for stringing.

They were discovered by John Garstang at Meroë (site no. 294) during his 1909-1910 excavation season; found within a ceramic jar filled with gold dust and nuggets, broken glass and beads, a scarab, a flat scarab seal, and three money rings. Garstang described them in his second interim report: “The jewels of gold were pyramidal in form though not tapering to an apex. They are inscribed in Egyptian hieroglyphs and bear the name of two kings, Uaz-ka-Ra (Hor-matleq) and Mal-neqen. These, from the association of other inscriptions, are known to belong to the period of Aspalut, the builder of the Solar Temple, and their date, as Professor Sayce shows, must be the 8th or 7th century BC" (1912, pp. 49-50).

Garstang has reproductions of the spacer beads made, some made from the gold dust and nuggets found with the originals. Two of the originals are within the Sudan National Museum Khartoum (00511) and the other is within the Brooklyn Museum (no. 49.29). World Museum has some of the gold dust and nuggets and one of the gold ‘money rings’ found in the same archaeological context (accession no. 49.47.1000).

Object specifics

  • Type
    Personal Ornament
  • Culture
    Kushite
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Sudan: Meroë
  • Date made
    800 BC - 500 BC
  • Materials
    Gold
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, Ancient Egypt Gallery
  • Acquisition
    Purchased from Professor John Garstang, 1949
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Sudan: Meroë
  • Date collected
    1910
  • Measurements
    46 mm x 28 mm x 9 mm
  • Related people

Explore related

Publications

  • Meroe City An Ancient African Capital John Garstang’s Excavations in the Sudan Part One: Text

    Török, László

    Author: Török, László
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1997
    Description: Publication of John Garstang's 1909 - 1914 excavations at Meroe city, part of the ancient kingdom of Kush between the 7th century BC and the 4th century AD.

  • Meroe City An Ancient African Capital John Garstang’s Excavations in the Sudan Part Two: Figures and Plates

    Török, László

    Author: Török, László
    Publisher: Egypt Exploration Society
    Date: 1997
    Description: Publication of John Garstang's 1909 - 1914 excavations at Meroe city, part of the ancient kingdom of Kush between the 7th century BC and the 4th century AD.

  • 'Second Interim Report on the Excavations at Meroe in Ethiopia. Part I - Excavations' in Liverpool Annals of Archaeology & Anthropology 4, pp. 45

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Liverpool University Press
    Date: 1911
    Description:

Ownership

Previous owners

Object view = Humanities
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