About this object

The manufacturing of stone beads for jewellery was a major industry in ancient Egypt. The eastern desert was rich in supplies of blood-red carnelian that was very easy to break into circular shapes. Boring holes into the beads using rotating flint drills set into wooden handles was the hardest part of the job. Once polished the beads were ready for stringing into necklaces. This display of sixty stone tools was made by Charles Flaxman Spurrell in 1899. Sir Flinders Petrie had given him a selection of tiny stone tools (microliths) and stone and shell beads in various states of completion from Hierakonpolis, excavated by James Quibell and F. W. Green between 1897 and 1899. This display includes a piece carnelian (tool or just a flake?) and a flint core (annotated in pencil, ‘core’). The back of the card is annotated by Charles Flaxman Spurrell, providing a description.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Tools
  • Culture
    Old Kingdom
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hierakonpolis
  • Date made
    2686 BC about
  • Materials
    Flint
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Purchased from the collections of Norwich Castle Museum, 1956
  • Collector
    Flaxman Charles John Spurrell
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Hierakonpolis
  • Date collected
    1899
  • Measurements
    163 mm x 119 m
  • Note
    Five flints that had become detached from the card are now displayed on their own and have been given individual accession numbers (56.21.426.1-5)
  • Related people

Ownership

Previous owners

Object view = Humanities
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