Part of National Museums Liverpool
More than 1,300 items from our significant Egyptology collection. The full collection is one of the largest in the UK with 16,000 items spanning from the Prehistoric (c.5300 BC) to the end of the Byzantine Period (642 AD).
What colour should the sand be? This was just one of the many things we had to think about when installing the pit burial case for the new Ancient Egypt gallery.
Author: Garstang, John
Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
Description: John Garstang's account of his excavations of the lower cemetery at Beni Hassan during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04 (250p, 231 b/w illus). A 34 page appendix gives an inventory of most objects found within the tombs and has reference to where some objects were located at the time of publication. Those marked as being at Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology are now either in 2 museums in Liverpool: World Museum or the Garstang Museum of Archaeology.
Start date: 1902
End date: 1902
Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Beni Hasan Excavation Committee during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04. In the lower cemetery, below the large rock-cut tombs of the high-officials, 1000 undecorated shaft tombs dating to the early Middle Kingdom contained tomb equipment such as coffins, pottery and wooden funerary models. Garstang's report includes a discussion of the artefacts and detailed descriptions of 4 intact tombs. Also included is a description of some earlier Old Kingdom burials and some tombs of the Third Intermediate Period (and later) at the southern end of the site, near Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar). The bulk of World Museum's Beni Hasan collection came direct from the university following the end of the excavations and after World War Two to replace those destroyed by enemy action in the war. Some other artefacts came from John Garstang's private collection, Norwich Castle Museum, Wellcome Historical Museum and Rossall School (Fleetwood, Lancashire).
John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-3'. Man 3 (1903) pp. 97-98 & 129-130.
John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan in Upper Egypt (Second season)'. Man 4 (1904) pp. 97-99.
John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902-1903-1904)'. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 5 (1904) pp.215-227;.
John Garstang,'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as illustrated by tombs of the Middle Kingdom; being a report on excavations made in the necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4. (London, 1907).