About this object

A small fragment of a wooden coffin with traces of stucco at the edges and peg holes. On one side are seven vertical columns of hieroglyphs roughly written in black ink. On there is part of the decoration, traces of blue pigment within black outlines, the wood is also much smoother on this side. The text on the right side of the fragment belongs probably to the beginning of Pyramid Text spell 32, a classical libation spell. On the left side is Pyramid Text spell 25. This is the earliest attestation of the two as a combined spell.

From Liverpool Institute of Archaeology excavations at Beni Hasan, 1902-04, tomb 420.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    First Intermediate Period
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date made
    2181 BC - 2055 BC about
  • Materials
    Paint; Wood
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of the University of Liverpool, 2000
  • Collector
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology
  • Place collected
    Africa: Northern Africa: Egypt: Beni Hasan
  • Date collected
    1902 - 1904
  • Measurements
    58 mm x 15 mm x 202 mm
  • Related people
    Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology (Collector, previous owner)

Explore related

Publications

  • 'First Intermediate Period tombs at Beni Hassan: Problems and Priorities (including BH no. 420 and the unpublished box coffin fragment BH3Liv)' in Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur 41

    Bommas, Martin

    Author: Bommas, Martin
    Publisher: Helmut Buske Verlag
    Date: 2012
    Description: An article in the journal Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur volume 41 which published a coffin fragment from Beni Hasan (World Museum no. 55.82.88)

  • The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as Illustrated by Tombs of the Middle Kingdom being a Report of Excavations made in the Necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4.

    Garstang, John

    Author: Garstang, John
    Publisher: Archibald Constable and Co Ltd
    Date: 1907
    Description: John Garstang's account of his excavations of the lower cemetery at Beni Hassan during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04 (250p, 231 b/w illus). A 34 page appendix gives an inventory of most objects found within the tombs and has reference to where some objects were located at the time of publication. Those marked as being at Liverpool University Institute of Archaeology are now either in 2 museums in Liverpool: World Museum or the Garstang Museum of Archaeology.

Events

  • Liverpool Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-1904

    Start date: 1902
    End date: 1902
    Description: Excavations directed by John Garstang of the University of Liverpool Institute of Archaeology on behalf of the Beni Hasan Excavation Committee during two winter seasons 1902-03 and 1903-04. In the lower cemetery, below the large rock-cut tombs of the high-officials, 1000 undecorated shaft tombs dating to the early Middle Kingdom contained tomb equipment such as coffins, pottery and wooden funerary models. Garstang's report includes a discussion of the artefacts and detailed descriptions of 4 intact tombs. Also included is a description of some earlier Old Kingdom burials and some tombs of the Third Intermediate Period (and later) at the southern end of the site, near Speos Artemidos (Istabl Antar). The bulk of World Museum's Beni Hasan collection came direct from the university following the end of the excavations and after World War Two to replace those destroyed by enemy action in the war. Some other artefacts came from John Garstang's private collection, Norwich Castle Museum, Wellcome Historical Museum and Rossall School (Fleetwood, Lancashire). Bibliography John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan 1902-3'. Man 3 (1903) pp. 97-98 & 129-130. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan in Upper Egypt (Second season)'. Man 4 (1904) pp. 97-99. John Garstang, 'Excavations at Beni Hasan (1902-1903-1904)'. Annales du Service des Antiquities de l’Egypte 5 (1904) pp.215-227;. John Garstang,'The Burial Customs of Ancient Egypt as illustrated by tombs of the Middle Kingdom; being a report on excavations made in the necropolis of Beni Hassan during 1902-3-4. (London, 1907).

Ownership

Previous owners

Object view = Humanities
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