About this object

Lunate razor, Grotta Gramicella Type A. Sharply curved, thin blade, loop-handle on short stem decorated with two schematic bird heads with pierced eyes, traces of engraved line around interior curve of the blade.

Lunate razors are a typical feature of Villanovan grave goods, and this particular shape is well known.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Personal Object
  • Culture
    Villanovan
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy
  • Date made
    8th Century BC late
  • Materials
    Bronze
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Joseph Mayer
  • Collector
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place collected
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Date collected
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Measurements
    115 mm x 42.7 g
  • Note
    Said to have been "found in Italy".
    Smith, H.E., 1867-1873. Mayer Collection Book 16, 5.
    Gatty, C. T. et alii, 1873. Mayer Collection Guard Book 1, 68. no.7.
  • Related people
    Gabor Fejérváry (Previous owner); Joseph Mayer (Previous owner); Ferenc Pulszky (Previous owner)

Explore related

Publications

  • Catalogue of Etruscan Objects in World Museum, Liverpool

    MacIntosh Turfa, Jean and Muskett, Georgina

    Author: MacIntosh Turfa, Jean and Muskett, Georgina
    Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
    Date: 2017
    Description: One of the finest collections of Etruscan artifacts outside of Italy was begun in the 19th century by Joseph Mayer, goldsmith, of Liverpool. His donation of the collection became the core of Liverpool Museum, now World Museum, and has been augmented over the years by additional gifts and other acquisitions, such as those from the Wellcome Collection and Norwich Castle Museum. Much of the original material came from the necropolis of Vulci (Canino) when it was excavated by Lucien Bonaparte, Prince of Canino, while additional objects represent several other cities and sites. Already famous for its gold jewellery and bronze vessels of the 6th to 4th centuries BCE, the Liverpool collection includes a fine selection of Etruscan vases, especially bucchero ware and Archaic painted vases, several scarab seals in semiprecious stones, a small number of carved ivories, and funerary urns, including that of Larui Helesa, in which were found gold earrings identical to those worn by her colourful effigy on its lid. A large group of bronze fibulae (safety-pins) furnish examples of most major types of those important ornaments of the Iron Age and Archaic periods. Engraved bronze mirrors and terracotta votives in the form of heads and body parts (such as uteri) of the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE illustrate myths and offerings that were essential to Etruscan religion. From a Villanovan sword to Hellenistic epitaphs, the Liverpool Etruscan and Italian collection offers a rare glimpse of early civilization in central Italy.

  • Catalogue of the Prehistoric Metalwork in Merseyside County Museums

    Nicholson, Susan M

    Author: Nicholson, Susan M
    Publisher: Merseyside County Council, Merseyside County Museums, University of Liverpool Department of Prehistoric Archaeology
    Date: 1980
    Description: The catalogue lists and illustrates the collection of British, Irish and continental European provenanced and unprovenanced prehistoric metalwork in National Museums Liverpool. The more outstanding items in the collection are highlighted in the brief Discussion which follows the main body of catalogue entries.

  • Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities in the Mayer Museum, Liverpool

    Gatty, C T

    Author: Gatty, C T
    Publisher:
    Date: 1883
    Description: Article within the Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire.

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph Mayer

    Owned from: 1855
    How acquired: Purchased
    Owned until: 1867
    Disposal method: Donation
  • Ferenc Pulszky

    Owned from: 1851-11
    How acquired: Inherited
    Owned until: 1855
    Disposal method: Auctioned
  • Gabor Fejérváry

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1851-11
    Disposal method: Bequest
Object view = Humanities
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