Grave Altar of Passienia Gemella

59.148.302

About this object

Grave altar of Passienia Gemella and her family. It was dedicated to Passienia Gemella and her sons by L. Passienius Saturninus, her husband. She is described as both his wife and his freedwoman (that is, she was a slave of his whom he subsequently set free and married). Their son Doryphorus is described as their freeborn son, while his brother Sabinus is described as both son and freedman. This indicates that Sabinus was born while his mother was a slave and so was a slave himself until L. Passienius Saturninus freed him.

Front: framed by spiral columns, 3 bust portraits. Left to right: a boy in a tunic and toga with a horus lock; a woman in a toga and mantle; a boy with a chlamys over his left shoulder. Left: 2 full-figure portaits of a woman in a toga and mantle, who embraces a boy in a tunic; the child stands on a block. On the lid, an eagle with outstretched wings is framed by spiral columns. Right: the scene is the same as on the left side but with a smaller boy.

The altar may have been from a tomb excavated in 1702-1705 in the Vigna Moroni on the Via Appia in Rome. The altar was acquired from the Mattei collection via the Borrioni collection and was exported by Lisandroni and d'Este in 1789.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Roman Imperial
  • Artist/Maker
  • Place made
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy: Rome
  • Date made
    135 AD - 145 AD
  • Materials
    Marble
  • Location
    Item not currently on display
  • Acquisition
    Gift of Col. Joseph W Weld, 1959
  • Collector
    Henry Blundell
  • Place collected
    Europe: Southern Europe: Italy: Rome
  • Date collected
    1702 - 1705
  • Measurements
    1020 mm x 455 mm x 320 mm; 40 3/16 in x 17 15/16 in x 12 5/8 in
  • Related people
    Henry Blundell ( Collector, previous owner); Antonio Borrioni ( Previous owner); Francesco de' Ficoroni ( Previous owner); Antonio d'Este ( Previous owner); Ferdinando Lisandroni ( Previous owner); Giuseppe Mattei ( Previous owner); Joseph William Weld ( Previous owner)

Explore related

Publications

  • A Catalogue of the Ancient Marbles at Ince Blundell Hall

    Ashmole, Bernard

    Author: Ashmole, Bernard
    Publisher: Clarendon Press
    Date: 1929
    Description: An illustrated catalogue of the ancient sculptures collected by Henry Blundell and formerly at Ince Blundell Hall.

  • Ancient Marbles in Great Britain

    Michaelis, A

    Author: Michaelis, A
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Date: 1882
    Description:

  • Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum

    Author:
    Publisher: Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften
    Date:
    Description:

  • Portraits of Children on Roman Funerary Monuments

    Mander, Jason

    Author: Mander, Jason
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Date: 2013
    Description:

  • The Ince Blundell Collection of Classical Sculpture. Volume 2 - The Ash Chests and other Funerary Reliefs

    Davies, Glenys

    Author: Davies, Glenys
    Publisher: Verlag Philipp von Zabern
    Date: 2007
    Description:

  • Untersuchen zu den fruehen roemischen Grabreliefs

    Frenz, Hans G

    Author: Frenz, Hans G
    Publisher: Privately published
    Date: 1977
    Description: Dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main

Ownership

Previous owners

  • Joseph William Weld

    Owned from: 1958
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1959
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Henry Blundell

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1810
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Francesco de' Ficoroni

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Antonio Borrioni

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1756
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Giuseppe Mattei

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: Unknown or unrecorded
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Ferdinando Lisandroni

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1789
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
  • Antonio d'Este

    Owned from: Unknown or unrecorded
    How acquired: Unknown or unrecorded
    Owned until: 1789
    Disposal method: Unknown or unrecorded
Object view = Humanities
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