Seven Symbols of a Universal Monarch: Jewel

56.27.244

About this object

One of the Seven Jewel Emblems of the Universal Monarch or Chakravartin. The triple eyed gem represents the Buddha, the dharma (the teachings) and the sangha (monastic community) The gem sits in a bowl on a lotus pedestal with a scarf swirling out from each side.

Object specifics

  • Type
    Religion
  • Culture
    Tibetan
  • Artist/Maker
    Unknown or unrecorded
  • Place made
    Asia: Central Asia: Tibet [China]
  • Date made
    19th Century - 20th Century
  • Materials
    Alloy Copper; Gold
  • Location
    World Museum, Level 3, World Cultures
  • Acquisition
    Purchased from the collections of Norwich Castle Museum, 1956
  • Collector
    John Claude White
  • Place collected
    Asia: Central Asia: Tibet [China]
  • Date collected
    1904
  • Measurements
    180 mm x 60 mm
  • Note
    Noted to have a 1904 provenance in the inventory likely to have been looted or purchased during the Younghusband punitive expedition.
  • Related people
    John Claude White (Collector)

Where is this object from?

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Events

  • Mission to Lhasa 1903-1904

    Start date: 1903
    End date: 1903
    Description: The British Mission to Tibet during 1903 and 1904 was an invasion of southern Tibet by British Indian forces on the pretence of negotiating trade relations between Tibet and British India. However, this was instigated primarily in the hope of preventing the Russian Empire from interfering in Tibetan affairs and thus gaining a base in one of the buffer states surrounding British India. The expedition was led by Colonel (later Sir) Francis Younghusband. It had a damaging effect on the British reputation, many Tibetans were killed and monasteries and houses were looted and/or destroyed along the way. The 13th Dalai Lama feld Lhasa before the arrival of the expedition and Younghusband negotiated, a soon to be repelled, convention with the Tibetan government or Kashag in Lhasa that was signed in the Potala on 7 Septmber 1904.

Object view = Humanities
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