Also in this section…?

Appendix 3: Fragments

Fragment 1

Fragment 1a: “John Gilbert”, calling card

Fragment 1b and 2 is a scrap of paper kept in separate hard-backed book, into which it is pasted.

Fragment 1b [749]:

AnimalLocationDateLatitudeWeightDistance travelled

First Bullock (Steer) Killed

Dry-beef Creek

Oct 28 [1844]

Lat 26=12=0

Gave 65 lbs dried Meat

travelled 260 Miles

Second Bullock Killed

Browns Lagoon

Dec 18 [1844]

Lat 24=45=0

[Gave] 160 lbs

[Travelled] 148 [Miles][750]

Third Bullock Killed

Mackenzie River

Jan 16 [1845]

Lat 23=21=0

[Gave] 117 lbs

[Travelled] 116 [Miles]

Fourth Bullock Killed

Isaacs River

Feb 17 [1845]

Lat 22=19=0?. 

[Gave] 250 lbs? α Fat

[Travelled] 264 [Miles]

Fifth Bullock Killed

Suttor River

March 28 [1845]

Lat 20=41=30

[Gave] 160 lbs?

[Travelled] 229 [Miles]

Sixth Bullock (Steer) Killed

Burdekin River

April 25 [1845]

Lat 19=0=40

[Gave] 120 lbs

220lbs? [in total with the horse]

[Travelled] 159 [Miles; the same as the horse].

Horse prepared

Burdekin River

May 6 [1845]

Lat 18=45=0

[Gave] 100 lbs?

220lbs? [in total with the sixth bullock]

[Travelled] 159 [Miles; the same as the sixth bullock]

Seventh Bullock Killed

Lynd River

May 27 [1845]

Lat 17=55=0

[Gave] 100 lbs? 

[Travelled] 163 [Miles]

Eight Beast Killed

Lagoon on

----- [Mitchell River]. 

June 16 [1845]

Lat 16=25=0? 

[Gave] 100 lbs? 

[no Miles travelled given; this is recorded as 163 in Murphy’s diary]


Fragment 2 

This has many mileage calculations on it. Some of these can be transcribed:

Name of riverHow long on this riverDistance on this riverAverage mileage per dayDirection of their passage along river


3 days

19 ½ miles

6 ½ miles per day



10 days

74 miles

Nearly 7 ½ miles per day



6 days

27 [miles]

4 ½ miles per day



16 days

85 [miles]

rather better than 5 per day



8 [days]

32 [miles]

4 miles per day



20 [days]

88 [miles]

4 ½ [miles] nearly per day



28 [days]

183 [miles]

6 ½ miles per day



43 [days]

283 [miles]

rather more [than]  6 ½ per day



22 [days]

186 [miles]

very nearly 8 ½ per day



Other phrases able to be transcribed:

“April 7th1000 miles of which 599 miles have been up or down rivers.

May 19th1253 [miles of which] 792 [have been up or down rivers]”.

Most of the rest of the numbers and remarks appear to be calculations for the two tables and the phrases above.

Fragment 3

See end of entry for 31 December 1844.

Fragment 4

Back of fragment 3. It has more mileage & other calculations on it.

Fragments 5 and 6

See end of entry for 21 June 1845.

Fragment 7

This was the piece of paper which Leichhardt sent back with Charlie to the rest of the expedition party on 10th January 1845, while he was scouting the Comet River. This note is kept with the other fragments and business card from Gilbert’s diary. They were found when the hard backed volume of the diary was accidentally dropped on the floor in the old Bird Room of the Natural History Museum in London, not long after Alec Chisholm had been given the two little volumes by Gould’s descendants (Chisholm 1941: 25-26 and 157). Gilbert had tucked these fragments into the little pocket in the cover, which burst open when it was dropped.

Leichhardt’s note reads: “My good companions. Charley will bring you tomorrow by a fine cut over a plain about 9 miles farther. I shall take advantage of the opportunity of extending my reconnoitre. The scrub is approaching again, but the River has taken a fine sweep to the westward. Sandstone appears again and was cropping out in all the gullies and along the River, but notwithstanding there are plenty of fine waterholes and good feed. If Brown had hit the 3 ducks after which he fired, I should have sent them home. But he missed twice and the 3rdtime the wounded bird made its’ escape. 2 Partridge pigeons however for my supper. I shall be very short for tea and sugar. Adieu till tomorrow night when I hope to see you in good health. Mr Phillips will put the sextants in his [?crop / cross bag]!”.


[749] This side of the piece of paper was obviously reserved just for keeping records of meat yields. It is about half used vertically. John Murphy copied Gilbert’s list of the bullocks and when and where they were killed into his own diary, with slight variations (Sprod 2006: 51).

[750] Presumably these figures allude to the distance since the last bullock was killed.