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Queens Birth-day Camp
no less than three distinct α new species of Eucalyptus was observed, α 3 new species of Proteacea and many other smaller plants, the first of the former is a new species of the iron bark form having larger and more glaucous leaves than the silver leaved species and a larger, α quadrangular formed seed vessel, the second, is a fine tall species having long narrow dark green leaves, the blossom a fine rich orange colour, the seed vessels exceeding in magnitude anything I have yet seen, but the most striking character is its foliacious bark at the lower part of the tree, resembling the Melaleuca, the upper part of the trunk and branches being smooth, a good deal resembles the Box α c. the third species is a black but, resem=bling the Common Box, but having leaves like the Moreton Bay Apple tree, these are now four fine additional species of this forest tree, and as in speaking of them as new Gums would only confuse one with the other, the following are the distinctive names with us the large leaved one first seen near Hughes Creek, is the Poplar Gum, from the constant motion with every slight air and from their general resemblance to one of our species of Poplars in England. the second is the large leaved Iron Bark, the third is the Tea tree Gum, and the fourth is the Apple tree Gum618.
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While the party remained stationary, I devoted the day to reconnoitering the river downwards. in a very short distance after leaving the Camp the banks on either side as well as the bed of the river became exceedingly rocky, and very bad travelling, from the numerous stony ridges every where jutting upon the banks619, I was however pleased to see it kept a good westerly course and even a little Southing, which we now require, at about ten miles the ridges α hills became more broken, and bare of vegetation, and I now foresaw a difficulty in finding a passage for our Bullocks. In this I partially succeeded through several gaps of the hills, and not wishing we should lose a second day, I returned, and on my way back found a tolerably good travelling country, for the first stage, Just after leaving the Camp, we passed a number of Natives within two hundred yards, but without their observing us, they were all men about 10, all well armed with numerous spears, as if on a journey to settle a quarrel with some other tribe, during the time we were absent, they had in passing near our Camp, fired the grass, and we had to travel through