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John Gilbert diary entry

30 May 1845 - 31 May 1845

Page 111. Volume 2

[in left margin]

Friday 30

Some of our Bullocks having strayed, and our meat being scarcely dried enough and all of us having many little jobs which can only be done at these camps, it was determined that we should remain here one day more.

[in left margin]

Sat 31

12 Miles N.W.

Last Salt Eaten.

1352 [on page 112]

To day we moved on a stage down the river of about 12 miles630, Charlie kept back from the river bank in leading, and we thus avoided many Gully's α the worst part of the Creeks. at 6 miles we crossed at the junction of two large Creeks, the one coming down from about N.E. and the other from the E631. at 10 miles we crossed another large creek, from the N. East632, the whole country travelled over was exceedingly dry, and the hills α ridges mostly very stony. at a distance of about from five to seven miles from the right bank, a tolerably elevated range runs parrallel [sic] with the river, and occasionally spurs run out, and approach the river very closely, on the opposite side also is a range which however runs off more to the Southward633; the whole course of the river to days stage is about N.W. of course with numerous deviations, the river as we progress increases in width and even in its stony and rocky character; In the afternoon accompanied by Charlie I started off on a recon=noiter, Roper who had been down the river four miles farther described the river as positively taking a southerly course634, I therefore crossed and with the intention of cutting off an angle got into a most horrible rocky country of Basalt635, travelling over this for some time without seeing any indication of the river, I struck off to the Northward α Westward, when instead of its going to the South, it was here taking about a N.W. course, through the range along which we were travelling parrellel with in the morning; the river was far too rocky for us to go through the gorge, and we passed through the hills a little off on its left bank, and as soon as possible descended to the river, at four miles a fine creek came in from S. and again at 6 miles a second, and at 9 miles, a river from the same course636. here we were anxious to find water for our next stage, but did not succeed in this. the whole bed of the river here presented a mass of large loose rounded stones, over which we had the greatest difficulty to get our horses to move, and just as it was dark

Note 630

The campsite of 31st May 1845 was named Brunonia Camp by Leichhardt, after the Brunonia australis (Blue Pin Cushion or Native Cornflower) seen lining the river. McLaren placed this campsite at GR 222 334 on the Lyndbrook 1; 100,000 MAP 7752. He could not place it exactly, but estimated the site by reference to the fact that it was on a slight curve to the north-east and between Saltwater and Emu Creeks, as shown on Leichhardt’s sketch map.

Note 631

Hobble Creek and its tributaries?

Note 632

This must be a creek which is unnamed on the Lyndbrook map, but joins the Lynd from the north-east a few metres south-west of where Saltwater Creek enters the Lynd from the south.

Note 633

This southward running range includes Bally Knob, Bains Knob and Ruby Hill, is bisected by Blackfellow Creek, and within an elevated area to the north (almost directly west of their campsite of 31st May), is Charlie’s Knob. Did Leichhardt name that feature?

Note 634

Had Roper mistaken Fossil Brook, which runs parallel to the west of the Lynd for several miles before flowing into it at GR 189 365, for the Lynd?

Note 635

Glen McLaren’s mss notes record Leichhardt as saying that “Gilbert found a large extent of basalt on the left bank” but that he could not find that remark in Gilbert’s diary. McLaren must have only looked under Gilbert’s entry for 1st June, but the remark is there in Gilbert’s diary for the 31st May.

Note 636

Four miles: Fossil Brook, six miles: the unnamed creek running into the Lynd at GR 184 365, at nine miles: Blackfellow Creek? What are the alternatives?