1842 - 1843: Second visit to Western Australia

2 February 1842

Gilbert left London on the brig Houghton-le-Skerne (278 tons) for Australia, via the Cape [of Good Hope] where the vessel stayed for 5 weeks (Chisholm 1940: 163). 

5 February 1842 

Gilbert wrote to Gould, on board the Houghton-le-Skerne (Mitchell Library, Sydney CY 461: 724-727). The ship was "the strangest vessel and the oddest people to manage her I have yet seen". 

17 July 1842

Gilbert reached Fremantle (Chisholm 1940, 163).

20 July 1842

Gilbert inserted an advertisement for Gould's “The birds of Australia” in the Western Australian Inquirer (Whittell 1942: 227). 

7 August 1842

Woylie Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi collected on this date at the River Avon, Western Australia (LIV D.230b). Gilbert was inland.

8 August 1842

Jacky Winter Microeca fascinans assimilis collected at Northam (BMNH 1881.5.1.453)

9 August 1842

Souther Brown Bandicoot Isoodon obesulus collected in the Toodyay Valley, W.A. (LIV 262b).

11 August 1842

Rufous Treecreeper Climateris rufus collected at Toodyay (BMNH 1880.12.31.84).

12 August 1842

Purple-crowned Lorikeet Glossopsitta porphyrocephala collected [in the Toodyay Valley] (OUMNH B/1820).

17 August 1842

A marsupial mouse of the Sminthopsis fuliginosus complex was collected on hill sides on the banks of the Avon River (BMNH 1844.2.15.20).

18 August 1842

Grey-fronted Honeyeater Lichenostomus  p. plumula collected from Northam (LIV T13303).

20 August 1842

"Hapalotis longicaudatus" was collected at the Victoria Plains, W.A. (BMNH AR). This is Notomys longicaudatus (BMNH 1844.2.15.28, collecting data transferred by Oldfield Thomas). However, Gilbert and his party probably did not reach the Victoria Plains, at the Moore River, until the 28th; the 20th may be a misprint for that date].

22 August 1842

Gilbert and James Drummond left Drummond's home at Hawthornden Farm, Toodyay Valley, for the Moore River (Whittell 1942: 229. Whittell's account is based on an article written by James Drummond for the Western Australian Inquirer of September 21st 1842, in which he gave an account of the expedition). Gilbert and Drummond slept that night at Captain Scully's at Bolgart, one of the most outlying homesteads. Scully, with Drummond's sons, had already left on the expedition and they were some days ahead. 

23 August 1842

The party reached the permanent spring at Yoolgan, about 12 miles from Bolgart (Whittell 1942: 229).

24 August 1842

Reached Yeinart, a tea-tree swamp (Whittell 1942: 229). Elegant Parrot Neophema elegans carteri collected in a Tea Tree swamp at Yeinart Spring (OUMNH B/2397).

25 August 1842

Gilbert and Drummond strayed slightly and arrived at Badgee Badgee; they corrected the direction and eventually found the Drummond's permanent station at Mouerin (near New Norcia), where they met up with the rest of the party (Whittell 1942: 230).

27 August 1842

Reached the spring at Boorbarna (Whittell 1942: 230).

28 August 1842

Gilbert and Drummond were moving northwards from Boorbarna; they passed Murarine (=Moora) and reached the fresh-water lakes Dalarn (= Dalaroo) and Maradine. Gilbert shot many ducks and "water-hens" (Whittell 1942: 230).

"Mus greyi" collected on the Victoria Plains, W.A. (BMNH Accession Register). This must be a Bush Rat Rattus f. fuscipes collected on this date (BMNH 1844.2.15.31).

(Also see comments for Notomys longicaudatus under August 20th).

29 August 1842

The party retraced their steps 7 miles back to the river, after which they took a different route back to the station at Mouerin - directly through "the most splendid grassy country", arriving on the 30th (Whittell 1942: 231; 1949: 46).

"Mus greyi" and "Mus nanus" collected on the Victoria Plains, W.A. (BMNH Accessions Register). "Mus greyi" must be a Bush Rat Rattus f. fuscipes collected on this date (BMNH 1844.2.15.30). "Mus nanus" must be either (or both) of the lectotype and a paralectotype of the Western Chestnut Mouse Pseudomys nanus (BMNH 1844.9.30.10 & .11), both are labelled “Victoria Plains” but with no collecting date.

A specimen of Macropodidae (BMNH 1844.2.15.18) listed in the BMNH Accession Register is from this date and locality but cannot be found.

Jacky Winter Microeca fascinans assimilis collected at the Moore River (BMNH 1844.2.15.92). A Western Corella Cacatua pastinator derbi and some eggs of this species were collected in the Moore River area (BMNH 1841.4.6.465 & WFVZ 178865).

30-31 August 1842

Bush Rat Rattus f. fuscipes (BMNH 1844.2.15.29), Yellow-footed Antechinus Antechinus flavipes leucogaster (BMNH 1844.2.15.21), both collected 30th August, and what was probably a Dibbler Parantechinus apicalis (BMNH 1844.2.15.22, collected 31st August, specimen missing), were collected on the Victoria Plains.

1 September 1842

Three Western Chestnut Mice Pseudomys nanus were collected on the Victoria Plains (LIV D.404a, D.405 & BMNH 1844.2.15.32).

Another two "Mus nanus" and a "Mus" which were collected at the Victoria Plains in this period are recorded in the BMNH Accessions Register. However, various other specimens - including the lectotype - of Pseudomys nanus in the BMNH’s Mammal Department which are labelled as being from the Victoria Plains unfortunately do not still have their original labels with the date.

2 September 1842

Western Chestnut Mice Pseudomys nanus collected on the Victoria Plains (LIV D.404).

3 September 1842

Western Chestnut Mouse Pseudomys nanus (BMNH 1844.2.15.33), a mouse Pseudomys (BMNH 1844.2.15.35, specimen missing) and what was probably a Gould’s Mouse (BMNH 1844.2.15.34, skull only is extant) were collected on the Victoria Plains.

6 September 1842

Numbat Myrmecobius f. fasciatus collected in the Toodyay Valley (BMNH 1844.1.22.23). Gilbert and his party must have been on their way back to Perth.

13 September, 9 October & 24 October 1842

Gilbert wrote a serial letter from Perth to Gould on these three dates. In the letter Gilbert related the tale of his trip with Drummond to the Moore River; they had then returned to Perth to re-provision and collect their mail before setting out again to the Wongan Hills. They travelled via "Watorning" [= Wattening] and then over the "Gwangan Plains" for 20 miles to "Barnarning", about 10 miles from the Wongan Hills. 

16 September 1842

Two White-backed Swallows Cheramoeca leucosterna collected in Northam (LIV D1612 & D1612a).

20 September 1842

Woylie Bettongia penicillata ogilbyi collected at the Moore River (LIV D.230a). This may be wrong. Perhaps Gilbert’s label should read 26th September?

23 September 1842

A marsupial mouse of the Sminthopsis fuliginosa complex collected at Toodyay (BMNH 1853.10.22.25). Either this collecting date must be wrong, or that of the previous entry.

24 September 1842

Common Brushtail Possum Trichosurus vulpecula hypoleucus (BMNH 1844.2.15.25) and two Western Grey Kangaroos Macropus fuliginosus melanops (RMNH Old Catalogue d and BMNH 1844.2.15.6, the latter has "a Flying Doe, of the second year with her first young one ..." written by Gilbert on the collecting label) collected at the Moore's River.

25 September 1842

Western Brush Wallaby Macropus irma collected at the Moore River (RMNH Old Catalogue a)

28 September 1842

Two Western Grey Kangaroos Macropus fuliginosus melanops (female and young) collected on "Sand Plains" near Wongan Hills. (BMNH 1844.2.15.5 & .7).

29 September 1842

Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata eggs (WFVZ 178840) and a Tawny Frogmouth Podargus strigoides brachypterus collected in the Wongan Hills, W.A. (LIV D1603).

4 October 1842

Western Grey Kangaroo Macropus fuliginosus melanops collected at Toodyay (BMNH 1844.2.15.4)

9 October 1842

Gilbert's long letter, started on September 13th, continues on 9th October with an account of the Wongan Hills trip with James Drummond and his younger son Johnson. They had gone specifically to look at Leipoa nests, but they also had a fine collection of plants. The Drummonds decided they must return to Toodyay, although Gilbert wanted to stay and find out more about the Leipoa. He could not subsequently interest anyone else in working further to the east, so decided to join James Drummond in an overland trip to King George's Sound.

James Drummond also referred to this trip to the Wongan Hills in a letter dated October, 1842 to the London Journal of Botany, see Whittell 1942: 232.

15 October 1842

Ash-grey Mouse Pseudomys a. albocinereus collected on "the Plains near Perth" (BMNH 1844.7.9.16). Malurus s. splendens collected at Perth (BMNH 1880.12.31.71).

18 October 1842

"Mus" collected in "Scrub by Sandy Places near Perth" (BMNH Accessions Register). This must be BMNH 1844.2.15.39, which is probably an Ash-grey Mouse Pseudomys a. albocinereus.

20-22 October 1842

The following specimens were collected at Perth between these dates:

  • 20 October: Striated Pardalote Pardalotus striatus (OUMNH B/12229) and Western Spinebill Acanthorhynchus superciliosus (OUMNH B/12518).
  • 22 October: Rufous Treecreeper Climacteris rufus (MCZ 076440, ex MVM White 7474, see Whittell 1942: 232), Brown Goshawk Accipiter f. fasciatus (BMNH 1955.6.N20.2658) and a Splendid Fairy-wren Malurus s. splendens (OUMNH B/16031).

24 October 1842 

A postscript, on the 24th October, to letter No.6 (continued from October 9th) reported that Gilbert's proposed trip to the Sound had been postponed until the following day. 

The events of the overland trip were briefly mentioned by Gilbert in a letter to Gould dated January 2nd 1843 (Liverpool City Libraries Local History Library 920 DER (13) 1/6/67/6) but there is a much fuller account in James Drummond's article for the Inquirer which was published on February 15th, 1843 (Whittell 1942: 233-239). The following chronology has been extracted from this reference:

25 October 1842

Drummond and Gilbert, accompanied by a man named Scott, set off via Fremantle and then south past the chain of swamps just inland from the coast. They slept at Warrangelup Flat on the Serpentine.

26 October 1842

They reached Ravenswood on the Murray, the residence of Mr Armstrong. Rain then detained them for 5 days on this river system; they visited a farm on a tributary - the Dandalup River.

1 November 1842

Drummond and Gilbert set out for Mount William and managed 13 miles along the Murray. An accident happening to their baggage horse, they had to send her with Scott back to Pinjarra. 

2 November 1842

On the River Murray, at the point where it makes its way through the Darling Range.

3 November 1842

Gilbert discovered the Noisy Scrub-bird, Atrichornis clamosus, at Drakesbrook, near what is now the town of Waroona. Unfortunately no specimen of the Noisy Scrub-bird is labelled with this date. Interestingly a Grey Butcherbird Cracticus torquatus leucopterus (BMNH 1881.2.18.124) is labelled with this date, and with the locality Pinjarra.

4 November 1842

White-breasted Robin Eopsaltria georgiana collected in the Darling Range, near the Murray River (BMNH 1844.2.15.94).

5 November 1842

The party reached Mount William but decided to return to Pinjarra, where the pack-horse and their provisions were, and thence to Australind instead of going directly there. Over the next week or so Drummond and Gilbert made considerable collections (presumably mostly of plants) in the country between Pinjarra and the Vasse River (near Busselton) and, leaving these at the Molloy residence at "Fairlawn", set out for Augusta.

16 November 1842

Black-tailed Native-hen Tribonyx ventralis collected at the Vasse [River] (LIV D3296). 

21 November & 24 December 1842

Notes by Archdeacon Wollaston of Bunbury in his diary refer to Gilbert and Drummond trying to get to King George's Sound overland (Chisholm 1973: 52). They came past him on the 21st November and returned on the 24th December - having failed to break through the swamp and bush.

25 November 1842

 White-breasted Robin Eopsaltria georgiana collected near the Vasse River (BMNH 1844.2.15.95)

26 November 1842

Red-winged Fairy-wren Malurus elegans collected at the Vasse [River] (OUMNH B/16034).

30 November 1842

White-breasted Robin Eopsaltria georgiana collected at Augusta (BMNH 1881.5.1.3730).

2 December 1842

Western Yellow Robin Eopsaltria griseogularis collected at Augusta (LIV D4217).

5 December 1842

Quokka Setonix brachyurus collected at Augusta (BMNH 1844.2.15.17).

6 December 1842

Three Rock Parrots Neophema p. petrophila (LIV D785, BMNH 1844.2.15.99 & .100) and three White-faced Storm-Petrels (BMNH 1844.2.15.108 & .109, OUMNH B/8762) collected from an "Island off Cape Lewin".

John Gould's Handbook refers to the fact that Gilbert collected some species on islands off Cape Leeuwin, near Augusta. For instance, the entry for “Puffinus carneiceps” in Vol.2: 465 includes the comment "This species of Petrel ... resorts among other places to the small islands off Cape Leeuwin for the purpose of breeding; it was here that the specimens and eggs contained in my collection were procured". Gilbert's letter of January 2nd 1843 (Liverpool City Libraries Local History Library, 920 DER (13) 1/6/67/6) also mentions that "I was enabled to visit the small Islands off Cape Lewin".

15 December 1842 

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo Calyptorhynchus banksii naso collected in Augusta (LIV D778b).

N.B. A letter from Gilbert in Perth to Gould (Mitchell Library Sydney) is misdated with this date. It was actually written on December 15 1843.

18 December 1842

"Mus" collected in "Scrub by Sandy Places near Perth" (BMNH Accessions Register has the collecting date Dec 10th, but BMNH 1844.2.15.38 actually has the date 18th December). This specimen is probably an Ash-grey Mouse Pseudomys a. albocinereus.

20 December 1842

"Mus greyi" collected from the "Banks of a Stream near Augusta" (BMNH Accessions Register). This is Bush Rat Rattus fuscipes BMNH 1844.02.15.037, but the date and / or locality may be wrong, as a Western Quoll Dasyurus geoffroyii (BMNH 1844.2.15.24) and a White-fronted Chat Epthianura albifrons (OUMNH B/16061) were both collected from the Vasse River on 20th December 1842. It therefore appears Gilbert and Drummond had turned for home on this date, which fits with the dates in Archdeacon Wollaston's diary. However, from a letter written to Joseph Hooker by Drummond, it seems that he and Gilbert had originally intended to make for King George's Sound across country from Augusta, but were "defeated by the impossibility of getting over the Scot River and the swampy district in which it rises ...." (Whittell 1942: 239). 

21 December 1842

"Mus greyi" collected from the "Banks of a Stream near Augusta" (BMNH Accessions Register). This is a Bush Rat Rattus fuscipes BMNH 1844.02.15.036.

27 December 1842

Black Bittern Ixobrychus flavicollis australis collected from the Harvey River (LIV D2835).The Harvey River runs a few miles north of Bunbury. Elegant Parrot Neophema elegans carteri collected from near Australind (BMNH 1844.2.15.98). Again these localities fit with Wollaston's dates. 

28 December 1842

Two Brush Bronzewings Phaps elegans occidentalis collected near Australind  [just north of Bunbury] (LIV D1487e and BMNH 1844.2.15.101).

2 January 1843 

Gilbert wrote from Perth to Gould. In this letter Gilbert gives a brief account of his travels to King George's Sound, including the small islands off Cape "Lewin". He had discovered several new species of bird and gives a long description of the Noisy Scrub-bird. Gilbert also mentioned that he had been promised passage to the Islands of the Houtman's Abrolhos by Captain Scott of Fremantle, who had purchased the wreck of the Ocean Queen and was therefore sending salvage boats up and down (N.B. the Houtman's Abrolhos are off the Western Australian coast in the region of Geraldton).

6 January 1843

Gilbert sailed from Fremantle for the Houtman Abrolhos on the Perseverance under Mr Stansmore. The ship arrived off Hummock Island, the most eastern of the group, on the morning of the 8th. They then steered for Batavia Roads, on the east side of South Island, where they anchored for the night - moving to the western side the next morning and going ashore (Western Australian Inquirer for April 17 1843).

9 January - 19 February 1843

The following specimens were collected by Gilbert on the Houtman Abrolhos Islands: 

  • 9 January 1843: Roseate Tern Sterna dougalli gracilis, South Island (LIV D3371).
  • 10 January 1843: Australian Sea-lion Neophoca cinerea, Middle Island (BMNH 1844.2.15.41).
  • 11 January 1843: Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres, South Island (LIV D3075a).
  • 12 January 1843: Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres, South Island (LIV D3075).
  • 17 January 1843: Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata serrata, South Island (BMNH 1844.2.15.112 and Mathews 1912 Vol.2: 390).
  • 18 January 1843: Five Tammar Wallabies Macropus eugenii, East Wallaby Island (LIV D.220, RMNH Old Catalogue a & b, BMNH 1844.2.15.10 & .12). Two White-faced Storm-Petrels Pelagodroma marina dulciae, Islet south of Wallaby Island (BMNH 1844.2.15.110 & BMNH 1888.5.18.28).
  • 19 January 1843: Tammar Wallaby Macropus eugenii, East Wallaby Island (BMNH 1844.2.15.11).
  • 20 January 1843: Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata serrata (OUMNH B/6925) and Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna pacifica (BMNH 1844.2.15.114), both South Island.
  • 21 January 1843: Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata serrata, South Island (OUMNH B/6926)
  • 23 January 1843: Painted Button-quail Turnix varia scintillans, West Wallaby Island (LIV D3695, first dated specimen of the new subspecies).
  • 29 January 1843: Lesser Noddy Anous tenuirostris melanops, South Island (BMNH 1894.10.28.3418)
  • 30 January 1843: Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata serrata (BMNH 1844.2.15.107 & Mathews 1912 Vol.2: 390). Australian Sea-lion Neophoca cinerea (RMNH 38239 / 13453), both South Island.
  • 1 February 1843: Australian Pied Oystercatcher Haematopus  longirostris: South Island (LIV D3211a).
  • 3 February 1843: Two Common Noddies Anous stolidus pileatus, South Island (LIV D3407 & D3407b).
  • 4 February 1843: Common Noddy Anous stolidus pileatus, South Island (OUMNH B/6972).
  • 9 February 1843: Two Lesser Noddies Anous tenuirostris melanops, South Island (OUMNH B/6973 & LIV D3409a)
  • 10 February 1843: Australian Sea-lion Neophoca cinerea, Mangrove Island (BMNH 1844.2.15.40) and two Lesser Noddies Anous tenuirostris melanops (LIV D3409b & MCZ 83921), both South Island.
  • 16 February 1843: Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscata serrata, South Island (BMNH 1894.10.28.3423 & Mathews 1912 Vol.2: 390).
  • 19 February 1843: Australian Sea-lions Neophoca cinerea, both from Mangrove Islands (BMNH 1844.2.15.42 & RMNH 38237 / 13454).

The Perseverance must have sailed for Perth shortly after this last date. The date of the return of Gilbert's party can be construed from a letter by Daniel Scott (the Harbourmaster who had arranged Gilbert's passage to the islands), dated March 20th, which mentions that Gilbert had returned with Mr Stansmore on "Friday last". This would have been the 17th March (Whittell 1942: 295). 

Gilbert mentioned in his Inquirer article that they did not land on the Easter group of islands, which are between South (Pelsart) and the Wallaby Islands. He also commented that the party saw a comet from the Houtman Abrolhos on the night of the 1st of March.

Gilbert wrote to Gould on March 27th, telling him about his trip to the Houtman Abrolhos: "I was there nearly two Months, a much longer period than I had calculated upon, but the Weather was so bad, we could not get back ....".

15 March 1843

A Southern Forest Bat Vespadelus regulus collected in Perth (BMNH 1859.11.18.14) has this collecting date. This date predates Gilbert's return from the islands and cannot be correct].

18 March 1843

A bat (probably a Western Long-eared Bat Nyctophilus timoriensis major) was collected in Perth (BMNH 1907.1.1.344).

20 March 1843

A bat (probably a Western Long-eared Bat Nyctophilus timoriensis major) was collected in Perth (BMNH 1844.7.9.20).

22 March 1843

Blue-billed Duck Oxyura australis collected on "Lake near Perth" (LIV D925b). 

27 March 1843

Gilbert wrote to Gould from Perth.

17 April 1843

Gilbert's article about his trip to the Houtman Abrolhos was published in the Inquirer.

18 April 1843

Gilbert wrote from Perth to Gould. He also collected a Southern Brown Bandicoot Isoodon obesulus fusciventer in Perth (BMNH 1844.7.9.3) and a Brush-tailed Phascogale Pascogale tapoatafa in the vicinity of Perth (BMNH 1844.7.9.8).

27 April 1843

Silvereye Zosteops lateralis chloronotus collected in Perth (BMNH 1881.2.18.103).

28 April 1843

Yellow-footed Antechinus Antechinus flavipes leucogaster collected in "the Vicinity of Perth" (LIV D.274a). 

6 May 1843

H.M.S. Beagle left Fremantle for London under Captain Lort Stokes, their final farewell to the continent of Australia. She had on board Gilbert's specimens from his first six months or so collecting in Western Australia (Chisholm 1973: 55. Note that Whittell 1942: 296 at first assumed that an empty envelope (found by Chisholm and now in the Mitchell Library Sydney, see Chisholm 1940: 161) stamped "Pr H.M.S. Beagle" with the date September 25 1843, indicated that the specimens were dispatched from Western Australia on this date. In fact the Beagle arrived at her final destination in England on September 30th 1843). 

Gilbert must have then found a ship to take him to King George’s Sound, leaving between 29th April and 19th May, when he collected a Bush Rat and a bat there. It is unlikely he went overland, given the problems he and Drummond had when they tried to do so in 1842. However, Whittell (1942: 295) assumed that they went overland. Gilbert also mentioned (in a letter to Gould written in December 1843) that he had been at the Sound when the North Star was there; Whittell has ascertained that this ship visited between May 26th and June 2nd. George Windsor Earl - the talented linguist who had been at Port Essington with Gilbert - was on board.

19 May 1843

Bush Rat Rattus f. fuscipes collected from "the Vicinity of Albany, King George's Sound" (BMNH 1858.11.24.8) and a Lesser Long-eared Bat Nyctophilus g. geoffroyi from Albany (BNMH 1907.1.1.338).

29 May 1843

Western Ringtail Possum Pseudocheirus occidentalis collected in "the Vicinity of Albany, King George's Sound" (LIV D.202b).

4 June 1843

A specimen of the rare Noisy Scrub-bird Atrichornis clamosus was collected at Albany. This is now in the BMNH (BMNH 1880.12.31.68, see R.B. Sharpe in “Catalogue of the birds in the … British Museum” 1890, vol.13: 660; Whittell 1942: 295). 

10 June 1843

Western Bristlebird Dasyornis longirostris collected in the "Vicinity of Albany" (BMNH 1881.2.18.151).

12 June 1843

Two "Mus greyi" collected in the "Vicinity of Albany, King George's Sound" (BMNH Accessions Register). One is Bush Rat Rattus f. fuscipes BMNH 1858.11.24.11.

13 June 1843

The type of the Red-tailed Phascogale Phascogale calura (BMNH 1844.7.9.9) once had an original Gilbert label which is now lost. The information was copied onto another label which gives the above date; it was collected at the Williams River, a considerable distance north of Albany. This does not fit with the other specimens collected at Albany which have dates attached. The specimen must have been collected on the way to, or way back from the Sound [in November 1842].]

15 June 1843

A specimen of the very rare Gilbert's Rat-kangaroo (Gilbert’s Potoroo) Potorous gilbertii was collected in "the Vicinity of Albany, King George's Sound" (LIV D.232b).

20 June 1843

Western Brush Wallaby Macropus irma collected in "the Vicinity of York" (LIV D.208a).

It is nearly 250 miles from Albany to York, by ship then on horseback. Also, a Honey Possum is recorded as having been collected at King George’s Sound on June 28th 1843. Could Gilbert have written “June” by mistake when he meant “August” 1843, when he was indeed in the York area?].

28 June 1843

Honey Possum Tarsipes rostratus collected at Albany (BMNH 1844.7.9.11).

2 July 1843

A marsupial mouse of the Sminthopsis fuliginosus complex was collected in the vicinity of Perth (BMNH 1853.10.22.24).

3 July 1843

Yellow-footed Antechinus Antechinus flavipes leucogaster collected in Perth (BMNH 1844.9.30.8), but a Dibbler Parantechinus apicalis  was collected at "the Vicinity of Moore River" (LIV D.272a). These two localities are 60 miles apart. Should the date on the Yellow-footed Antechinus have been 2nd July?

4 July 1843

Mitchell’s Hopping-mouse Notomys mitchelli collected in "the Vicinity of Moore River" (LIV D.413).

6 July 1843 

Gilbert wrote to Gould (letter missing).

7 July 1843

Now-extinct Long-tailed Hopping-mouse Notomys longicaudatus collected at "Moore River, Interior of Western Australia" (LIV D.412a). 

19 July 1843

Big-eared Hopping-mouse Notomys macrotis collected at Moore's River (BMNH 1844.7.9.14).

Gilbert must have then left the Moore River area and headed south for the inland sites of York and Toodyay.

3 August - 10 September 1843

Gilbert collected the following specimens in York, or the vicinity of York.

  • 3 August 1843: Weebill Smicrornis brevirostris occidentalis (BMNH 1881.5.1.292).
  • 19 August 1843: Gilbert’s Whistler Pachycephala inornata (LIV D1641, 4 miles east of York).
  • 20 August 1843: Mistletoebirds Dicaeum h. hirundinaceum (BMNH 1881.5.1.1493).
  • 22 August 1843: Redthroat Pyrrholaemus brunneus (BMNH 1880.12.31.44).
  • 30 August 1843: Pacific Black Duck Anas s superciliosa eggs (BMNH 1962.1.107 & WFVZ 178843, probably from same clutch) and a White-fronted Honeyeater Purnella albifrons (ANSP 53264, see Whittell 1942: 296).
  • 10 September 1843: Elegant Parrot Neophema elegans carteri (LIV D783b).

19 September 1843

Now-extinct Long-tailed Hopping-mouse Notomys longicaudatus collected at Toodyay (LIV D.412)

1 October 1843

Weebill Smicrornis brevirostris occidentalis collected in the “vicinity of York” (BMNH 1881.5.1.293)

12 October 1843

Gilbert wrote to Gould on this date, according to a draft from Gould to Gilbert written on August 24th 1844 (Canberra National Library). This was letter 12, which arrived simultaneously with letters 11 and 16.

15 October 1843

Eggs of Western Thornbill Acanthiza inornata collected near Perth (BMNH 1962.1.13).

20 October 1843

Pied Honeyeater Certhionyx variegatus collected in the "Vicinity of Botherling, Interior of Western Australia" (LIV D5310). Botherling is about 40 miles north of Northam and 15 miles south of the Wongan Hills, on the Mortlock River.

22 October 1843

Tammar Wallaby Macropus eugenii collected in "the Vicinity of the Wongan Hills" (LIV D.219a).

27 October 1843

Eggs of Blue-breasted Fairy-wren Malurus pulcherrimus collected in the Wongan Hills (BMNH 1962.1.54).

28 October 1843

Masked Woodswallow Artamus personatus collected in the "Vicinity of Botherling, Interior of Western Australia" (LIV D1624a). According to one of the manuscripts now in the BMNH GL (8/7/3), Gilbert found an egg of the Spotted Goatsucker (Eurostopodus guttatus) on this date "during my last trip to the Interior". There is also a reference in Gould’s “The birds of Australia” (vol.3: Pl.23) to a nest of Malurus pulcherrimus being discovered at the Wongan Hills on this date, but this must have been the clutch dated 27th October 1843.

29 October 1843 

Gilbert wrote a letter to Gould (No.12). This was mentioned as having been received by Gould in a draft of a letter sent August 1844 (Chisholm 1940: 168). 

Black Honeyeater Sugomel niger (LIV T12765) and Western Barred Bandicoot Perameles bougainville myosuros (LIV D.261) collected in "the Vicinity of the Wongan Hills". Gilbert’s Whistler Pachycephala inornata collected in "the Vicinity of Botherling" (LIV D1641a). Southern Scrub-robin Drymodes brunneopygia collected at Botherling (BMNH 1881.2.18.8).

12 November 1843

Pied Honeyeater Certhionyx variegatus collected in the Toodyay Valley (LIV T12770).

1 December 1843

Quokka Setonix brachyurus collected at Albany, King George’s Sound (LIV D.217a). The fact that this date is out of place suggests this not a Gilbert specimen, and indeed the original label is not in Gilbert’s writing. It was probably collected by Johann Preiss].

15 December 1843 

Gilbert wrote from Perth to Gould (letter No.13); he misdated it "1842" (Mitchell Library, Sydney CY 461: 720-723, also see Chisholm 1940: 168). He had shipped four packages of specimens on the Napoleon; they contained mammals, eggs, birds, plants and animals in spirit for dissection. He had also enclosed "perfect lists of the birds and Quadrupeds [i.e. mammals] known to inhabit Western Australia".  These lists are now in the Gould Collection of the Zoology Library of the Natural History Museum in London.

20 December 1843

Gilbert left Western Australia by the schooner Timbo (123 tons) for Launceston, via Adelaide (Chisholm 1940: 163).