Roughly carved wooden figure of a recumbent jackal. Anubis was a god associated with mummification and protecting the dead. He appeared as either a man with a jackal’s head or as a complete jackal. The Egyptians called Anubis ‘he who is upon his mountain’ as if he were sitting up high guarding the cemetery. From the 25th Dynasty (after 747 BC) wooden figures of jackals like this were placed upon outermost coffin lids, placing the dead under the protection of Anubis. CONDITION NOTE 1998: Very worn and dry, surface dirt, holed. Wellcome Historical Medical Museum accession no. 197658: "Carved wood figure of dog. 4" long". Purchased at Sotheby's, London, 23 July 1920 Lot 293.