Christ Nailed to the Cross
This painting probably formed part of a large, many-panelled altarpiece. It may have been produced by an unknown artist in the Dutch town of Utrecht. The bearded figure on the left, holding a staff, is probably Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who had Christ crucified. The odd perspective, by which the ground appears tilted up towards the viewer, is typical of northern European painting at this date. So too is the artist’s concern with detail, for example, in the careful illustration of the executioners’ tools.