Human Remains; Mummified Body of Padiamun
Mummified remains of a male adult named Padiamun, an official of the barque of Amun at Karnak who lived in the late 8th century BC. His name means something like 'he whom Amun gave' and he held the titles 'sailor of the barque of Amun' and 'chief of navigation of the barque of Amun'. Inscriptions on his coffins reveal his father was Thatienwensu and his mother was Taditanebhen. His brother was Nehemsumontu who was also a 'chief of navigation of the barque of Amun' and his coffins are now in museums at Boulogne-sur-Mer and Grenoble. In September 1851 Padiamun’s mummy was unwrapped at Edgeworth Manor by a surgeon named H W Rumsey, Esq. The wrappings were roughly replaced after the examination in 1851 and then rewrapped in 1976. There are several bags of excess bandages. The mummy was X-rayed in 1967 and CT scanned in 2012 . PHK Gray who led the radiograph study of Liverpool's mummies in 1967 noted that the treatment of Padiamun's body is not normally found after the beginning of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty and suggested embalmment during the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Dynasties. A sample of resin was taken from the top of the cranium in 1999 for analysis which revealed the contents to be: 61% fat/oil, 0.2% coniferous resin, 1.5% balsam (?) and 38% beeswax. The mummy was CT scanned is 2012 - see Robert Loynes, ‘Prepared for eternity : a study of human embalming techniques in ancient Egypt using computerised tomography scans of mummies’ (Oxford, 2015). The mummy was X-rayed by PHK Gray in November 1966 and the interpretation of the radiograph images below is taken from the 1968 publication of the study: SKULL: There are no obvious fractures. The mouth is slightly open, some of the lower teeth are missing and there is evidence of dental attrition. The cervical spine appears intact. A spatulate object lying within the skull was revealed by radiography, and was extracted via the nasal passage. It is a surgical instrument of recent date, a combined director and scoop, lost by Mr Rumsey in 1851. THORAX, ABDOMEN & PELVIS: The body cavities have been filled with dense packing material which could well contain the four visceral packs. As a result of this much bone detail is obscured, but what can be seen of the spine and ribs appears normal. There is no evidence of opacification of the intervertebral discs or of spinal arthritis. The bones of the pelvis and hips appear within normal limits. ARMS: Extended. the palms of the hands, fingers extended, rest upon the anterior-medial aspect of the thighs. No fractures seen. LEGS: The bones and joints appear within normal limits apart from lines of arrested growth at the lower end of either tibia. No fractures or dislocations seen. The feet appear normal.